Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A climate-change vulnerability and adaptation assessment for Brazil's protected areas

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Lapola, David M. [1] ; da Silva, Jose Maria C. [2] ; Braga, Diego R. [1, 3] ; Carpigiani, Larissa [3] ; Ogawa, Fernanda [3] ; Torres, Roger R. [4] ; Barbosa, Luis C. F. [5] ; Ometto, Jean P. H. B. [6] ; Joly, Carlos A. [7]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Ctr Meteorol & Climat Res Appl Agr, BR-13083886 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Miami, Dept Geog & Reg Studies, Coral Gables, FL 33124 - USA
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Ecol, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Itajuba, Nat Resources Inst, BR-37500903 Itajuba, MG - Brazil
[5] Conservacao Int Brasil, Rua Antonio Barreto, 130-4 Andar, BR-66055050 Belem, Para - Brazil
[6] Natl Inst Space Res, Ctr Earth Syst Sci, BR-12227010 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[7] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Plant Biol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Conservation Biology; OCT 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Brazil hosts the largest expanse of tropical ecosystems within protected areas (PAs), which shelter biodiversity and support traditional human populations. We assessed the vulnerability to climate change of 993 terrestrial and coastal-marine Brazilian PAs by combining indicators of climatic-change hazard with indicators of PA resilience (size, native vegetation cover, and probability of climate-driven vegetation transition). This combination of indicators allows the identification of broad climate-change adaptation pathways. Seventeen PAs (20,611 km(2)) were highly vulnerable and located mainly in the Atlantic Forest (7 PAs), Cerrado (6), and the Amazon (4). Two hundred fifty-eight PAs (756,569 km(2)), located primarily in Amazonia, had a medium vulnerability. In the Amazon and western Cerrado, the projected severe climatic change and probability of climate-driven vegetation transition drove vulnerability up, despite the generally good conservation status of PAs. Over 80% of PAs of high or moderate vulnerability are managed by indigenous populations. Hence, besides the potential risks to biodiversity, the traditional knowledge and livelihoods of the people inhabiting these PAs may be threatened. In at least 870 PAs, primarily in the Atlantic Forest and Amazon, adaptation could happen with little or no intervention due to low climate-change hazard, high resilience status, or both. At least 20 PAs in the Atlantic Forest, Cerrado, and Amazonia should be targeted for stronger interventions (e.g., improvement of ecological connectivity), given their low resilience status. Despite being a first attempt to link vulnerability and adaptation in Brazilian PAs, we suggest that some of the PAs identified as highly or moderately vulnerable should be prioritized for testing potential adaptation strategies in the near future. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/51872-5 - ECOFOR: Biodiversidade e funcionamento de ecossistemas em áreas alteradas pelo homem nas Florestas Amazônica e Atlântica
Beneficiário:Carlos Alfredo Joly
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 12/08250-3 - Análise das projeções de mudanças climáticas do Quinto Relatório do IPCC dentro das áreas protegidas brasileiras
Beneficiário:Fernanda Sueko Ogawa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 14/50627-2 - Devil: promovendo segurança alimentar com disponibilidade restrita de terra
Beneficiário:Jean Pierre Henry Balbaud Ometto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático