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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Expression of Eucalyptus globulus LACCASE48 Restores Lignin Content of Arabidopsis thaliana lac17 Mutant

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Autor(es):
Araujo, Pedro [1] ; Tolentino, Felipe Thadeu [2] ; Cesarino, Igor [3] ; Gallinari, Rafael Henrique [1] ; Steenackers, Ward [4, 5] ; Sampaio Mayer, Juliana Lischka [2] ; Mazzafera, Paulo [2, 6]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Genet Evolucao Microbiol & Imunol, Inst Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Vegetal, Inst Biol, CP 6109, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Bot, Rua Matao 277, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] VIB, Dept Plant Syst Biol, B-9052 Ghent - Belgium
[5] Univ Ghent, Dept Plant Biotechnol & Bioinformat, B-9052 Ghent - Belgium
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Crop Sci, Coll Agr Luiz de Queiroz, CP 09, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLANT MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTER; v. 37, n. 5-6, p. 488-498, DEC 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The presence of aromatic polymer lignin is a bottleneck that hampers the efficient processing of Eucalyptus wood into downstream products such as cellulose pulp and biofuels. However, despite the impact of lignin on the economic uses of Eucalyptus wood, little is known regarding the molecular mechanisms underlying lignin deposition in this genus. Here, we report on the identification of a laccase gene potentially involved in lignin polymerization in Eucalyptus globulus by employing a combination of phylogenetic analysis, tissue-specific expression analysis, and genetic complementation assays. EglLAC48 is phylogenetically close to the lignin-related gene AtLAC15 of Arabidopsis thaliana and showed increased expression upon in vitro lignification-promoting conditions. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction analysis showed that the expression of EglLAC48 is higher in stems when compared with leaves and roots. In addition, in situ hybridization experiments revealed that EglLAC48 mRNA was mainly localized in developing xylem cells, an important lignification site. In order to provide genetic evidence to support a role for EglLAC48 in lignification, this gene was expressed in the Arabidopsis lac17 mutant background using both the endogenous AtLAC17 promoter and the constitutive CaMV35S promoter. Both strategies were successful in restoring lignin content, but the levels of guaiacyl units were still significantly reduced when compared with those of wild-type plants. The fact that the expression of EglLAC48 was able to restore the lignin levels but not lignin composition of the lac17 mutant suggests that this laccase is potentially involved in lignin polymerization in E. globulus but show different enzyme specificity when compared with AtLAC17. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/02527-1 - Desenvolvimento de sistemas-modelo em sorgo e uso da biologia de sistemas na elucidação dos mecanismos moleculares do metabolismo fenólico e de lignina em gramíneas
Beneficiário:Igor Cesarino
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 14/23230-4 - Influência de microRNAs em vias de lignificação de Eucalyptus grandis e E. globulus
Beneficiário:Felipe Thadeu Tolentino
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado