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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The preclinical discovery and development of oral miltefosine for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis: a case history

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Reimao, Juliana Q. [1] ; Pedro, Debora P. Pita [1] ; Coelho, Adriano C. [2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Fac Med Jundiai, Dept Morfol & Patol Basica, Rua Francisco Telles 250, BR-13202550 Jundiai, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Anim, Inst Biol, Campinas - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: EXPERT OPINION ON DRUG DISCOVERY; v. 15, n. 6 MAR 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Introduction: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a vector-borne disease caused by Leishmania donovani or Leishmania infantum. Closely related to poverty, VL is fatal and represents one of the main burdens on public health in developing countries. Treatment of VL relies exclusively on chemotherapy, a strategy still experiencing numerous limitations. Miltefosine (MF) has been used in the chemotherapy of VL in some endemic areas, and has been expanded to other regions, being considered crucial in eradication programs. Areas covered: This article reviews the most relevant preclinical and clinical aspects of MF, its mechanism of action and resistance to Leishmania parasites, as well as its limitations. The authors also give their perspectives on the treatment of VL. Expert opinion: The discovery of MF represented an enormous advance in the chemotherapy of VL, since it was the first oral drug for this neglected disease. Beyond selection of resistant parasites due to drug pressure, several other factors can lead to treatment failure such as, for example, factors intrinsic to the host, parasite and the drug itself. Although its efficacy as a monotherapy has reduced over recent years, MF is still an important alternative in VL chemotherapy, especially when used in combination with other drugs. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/18954-4 - Reposicionamento de fármacos: avaliação de atividade, seletividade e mecanismo de ação de novos candidatos contra Toxoplasma gondii
Beneficiário:Juliana Quero Reimão Dalla Zanna
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 16/21171-6 - Paromomicina no tratamento da Leishmaniose Tegumentar: investigação in vitro, in vivo e na identificação de marcadores moleculares associados à suscetibilidade e resistência
Beneficiário:Adriano Cappellazzo Coelho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores