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Natural Products: Key Prototypes to Drug Discovery against Neglected Diseases Caused by Trypanosomatids

Texto completo
Varela, Marina Themoteo [1] ; Fernandes, Joao Paulo S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Pharmaceut Sci, POB 09913-030, Diadema, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: Current Medicinal Chemistry; v. 27, n. 13, p. 2133-2146, 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 3

Background: Neglected tropical diseases are a group of infections caused by microorganisms and viruses that affect mainly poor regions of the world. In addition, most available drugs are associated with long periods of treatment and high toxicity which limits the application and patient compliance. Investment in research and development is not seen as an attractive deal by the pharmaceutical industry since the final product must ideally be cheap, not returning the amount invested. Natural products have always been an important source for bioactive compounds and are advantageous over synthetic compounds when considering the unique structural variety and biological activities. On the other hand, isolation difficulties and low yields, environmental impact and high cost usually limit their application as drug per se. Objective: In this review, the use of natural products as prototypes for the semi-synthesis or total synthesis, as well as natural products as promising hits is covered, specifically regarding compounds with activities against trypanosomatids such as Trypanosoma spp. and Leishmania spp. Methods: Selected reports from literature with this approach were retrieved. Conclusion: As summary, it can be concluded that natural products are an underestimated source for designing novel agents against these parasites. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/25028-3 - Anti-histamínicos H3R/H4R como agentes pró-cognitivos: uma abordagem multialvo
Beneficiário:João Paulo dos Santos Fernandes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/00195-4 - Síntese e avaliação da atividade de alquilfenóis substituídos em Trypanosoma cruzi
Beneficiário:Marina Themoteo Varela
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado