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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Mapping Atlantic rainforest degradation and regeneration history with indicator species using convolutional network

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Autor(es):
Wagner, Fabien H. [1, 2] ; Sanchez, Alber [1] ; Aidar, Marcos P. M. [3] ; Rochelle, Andre L. C. [4] ; Tarabalka, Yuliya [5, 6] ; Fonseca, Marisa G. [1] ; Phillips, Oliver L. [7] ; Gloor, Emanuel [7] ; Aragao, Luiz E. O. C. [8, 1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Natl Inst Space Res INPE, Remote Sensing Div, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[2] Fdn Sci Technol & Space Applicat FUNCATE, Geoproc Div, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[3] Inst Bot, Dept Plant Physiol & Biochem, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Natl Inst Space Res INPE, Ctr Earth Syst Sci, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[5] Inria Sophia Antipolis, Sophia Antipolis - France
[6] Luxcarta Technol, Parc Activite Argile, Mouans Sartoux - France
[7] Univ Leeds, Sch Geog, Ecol & Global Change, Leeds, W Yorkshire - England
[8] Univ Exeter, Coll Life & Environm Sci, Exeter, Devon - England
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 15, n. 2 FEB 28 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The Atlantic rainforest of Brazil is one of the global terrestrial hotspots of biodiversity. Despite having undergone large scale deforestation, forest cover has shown signs of increases in the last decades. Here, to understand the degradation and regeneration history of Atlantic rainforest remnants near Sao Paulo, we combine a unique dataset of very high resolution images from Worldview-2 and Worldview-3 (0.5 and 0.3m spatial resolution, respectively), georeferenced aerial photographs from 1962 and use a deep learning method called U-net to map (i) the forest cover and changes and (ii) two pioneer tree species, Cecropia hololeuca and Tibouchina pulchra. For Tibouchina pulchra, all the individuals were mapped in February, when the trees undergo mass-flowering with purple and pink blossoms. Additionally, elevation data at 30m spatial resolution from NASA Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) and annual mean climate variables (Terraclimate datasets at similar to 4km of spatial resolution) were used to analyse the forest and species distributions. We found that natural forests are currently more frequently found on south-facing slopes, likely because of geomorphology and past land use, and that Tibouchina is restricted to the wetter part of the region (southern part), which annually receives at least 1600 mm of precipitation. Tibouchina pulchra was found to clearly indicate forest regeneration as almost all individuals were found within or adjacent to forests regrown after 1962. By contrast, Cecropia hololeuca was found to indicate older disturbed forests, with all individuals almost exclusively found in forest fragments already present in 1962. At the regional scale, using the dominance maps of both species, we show that at least 4.3% of the current region's natural forests have regrown after 1962 (Tibouchina dominated, similar to 4757 ha) and that similar to 9% of the old natural forests have experienced significant disturbance (Cecropia dominated). (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/51872-5 - ECOFOR: Biodiversidade e funcionamento de ecossistemas em áreas alteradas pelo homem nas Florestas Amazônica e Atlântica
Beneficiário:Carlos Alfredo Joly
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 16/17652-9 - Diversidade funcional dos biomas Amazônia, Mata Atlântica e Cerrado nos ambientes intactos e em regeneração por meio de imagens hiperspectrais
Beneficiário:Fabien Hubert Wagner
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 15/50484-0 - Diversidade funcional dos biomas Amazônia, Mata Atlântica e Cerrado nos ambientes intactos e em regeneração por meio de imagens hiperspectrais
Beneficiário:Fabien Hubert Wagner
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 16/03397-7 - Ferramentas para gerenciar imagens de satélite em array databases
Beneficiário:Alber Hamersson Sánchez Ipia
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Programa Capacitação - Treinamento Técnico
Processo FAPESP: 13/50533-5 - Entendendo as respostas do metabolismo fotossintético a variações climáticas sazonais em florestas tropicais
Beneficiário:Luiz Eduardo Oliveira e Cruz de Aragão
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular