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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Ultra-processed food consumption and indicators of obesity in the United Kingdom population (2008-2016)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Rauber, Fernanda [1, 2] ; Steele, Euridice Martinez [1, 2] ; Louzada, Maria Laura Costa [1, 2] ; Millett, Christopher [2, 3] ; Monteiro, Carlos Augusto [1, 2] ; Levy, Renata Bertazzi [4, 2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Saude Publ, Dept Nutr, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Nucleo Pesquisas Epidemiol Nutr & Saude, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Imperial Coll London, Sch Publ Hlth, Publ Hlth Policy Evaluat Unit, London - England
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Dept Med Prevent, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 15, n. 5 MAY 1 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

We examined the association between the consumption of ultra-processed foods and adiposity in a nationally representative sample of the UK adult population. We studied 6,143 participants ( 19 to 96 years, 51.6% female) sampled by the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (2008-16). Food items reported in four-day food diary were classified according to the NOVA system. Multiple linear and logistic regressions were used to evaluate associations between the dietary contribution of ultra-processed foods (sex-specific quartile and continuous) and Body Mass Index ( BMI), Waist Circumference (WC) and obesity (BMI> 30kg/m(2)) and abdominal obesity (men: WC >= 102cm, women: WC >= 88cm) status. Models were adjusted for sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics. In multivariable analyses, the highest consumption of ultra-processed food was associated with 1.66 kg/m(2) higher BMI ( 95%CI 0.96-2.36), 3.56 cm greater WC (95% CI 1.79-5.33) and 90% higher odds for being obese (OR = 1.90, 95%CI 1.39-2.61), compared with the lowest consumption. A 10% increase in the consumption of ultra-processed foods was associated with an increase of 0.38 kg/m(2) in BMI (95%CI 0.20-0.55), 0.87 cm in WC (95%CI 0.40-1.33) and 18% higher odds of being obese (OR = 1.18, 95%CI 1.08-1.28). The consumption of ultra-processed food was associated with an increase in BMI, WC and prevalence of obesity in both sexes. A dose response relationship was observed in both sexes, with a 10% increase in the consumption of ultra-processed foods being associated with a 18% increase in the prevalence of obesity in men and a 17% increase in women. Higher consumption of ultra-processed food is associated with greater adiposity in the UK adult population. Policy makers should consider actions that promote consumption of unprocessed or minimally processed foods and reduce consumption of ultra-processed foods. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/14302-7 - Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados e indicadores de qualidade nutricional da dieta na Austrália
Beneficiário:Fernanda Rauber
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 15/14900-9 - Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados, perfil nutricional da dieta e obesidade em sete países
Beneficiário:Carlos Augusto Monteiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 18/19820-1 - Consumo de alimentos ultraprocessados e obesidade na coorte Biobank do Reino Unido
Beneficiário:Fernanda Rauber
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado