Fed Univ ABC, Ctr Nat & Human Sci, BR-09210580 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento:
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science;
AUG 15 2020.
Citações Web of Science:
Hypothesis: Hydrophobic oleic acid/water interfaces are negatively charged. Hence, the use of cationic nanocelluloses as stabilizers of Pickering emulsions could improve the colloidal stability due to the electrostatic complexation at the oil-water interface. Experiments: Two cationic nanofibrillated cellulose (cNFCs) with two degrees of substitution were prepared and used as stabilizers of Pickering emulsions. The adsorption of cNFCs at the oil: water interface was evaluated by interfacial tension, atomic force microscopy, and centrifugation measurements. LUMiSizer and optical microscopy techniques were used to analyze the colloidal stability and oil droplets morphology, respectively. Besides, the rheological behavior of the continuous aqueous phase was determined through flow and stress sweep curves. Finally, the dispersion of cNFCs in a diluted emulsion was visualized by cryogenic transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM). Findings: Cationic NFCs were more efficient in partitioning to the oil:water interface compared to their anionic analogous, oCNF. The electrostatic attraction between the positively charged trimethylammonium groups and the negatively charged deprotonated oleic acid reduced the interfacial tension and improved the colloidal stability of O/W Pickering emulsions. cNFCs dispersed in the aqueous phase were found to increase the viscosity, decelerating the oil drops coalescence. Therefore, the stabilization of cNFCs Pickering emulsions had a synergistic effect from the electrostatic complexation at the liquid-liquid interface and network formation in the aqueous phase, as visualized by cryo-TEM. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)