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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics on dental patients

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Autor(es):
Campos, Lucas Arrais [1] ; Costa, Mariana Andrade [1] ; Sampaio Bonafe, Fernanda Saullome [1] ; Maroco, Joao [2] ; Duarte Bonini Campos, Juliana Alvares [3]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp, Sch Dent, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Inst Psychol Social & Life Sci ISPA, William James Ctr Res WJCR, Lisbon - Portugal
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Rodovia Araraquara Jau, Km 01, BR-14800903 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL DENTAL JOURNAL; MAY 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Objective This study aimed to evaluate the contribution of demographic and clinical characteristics on the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics of dental patients. Methods The psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics was assessed by the Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire (PIDAQ). Data validity was estimated using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Reliability was assessed using standardised Cronbach's alpha coefficient (alpha). A structural model was developed to assess the contribution of demographic and clinical characteristics to the results. The fit of the model was evaluated and the z test (alpha = 5%) was used to estimate the significance of the contributions (beta). Results A total of 505 dental patients (80% female; age: 36.3, SD = 11.4) participated in the study. Data showed adequate validity (CFA: chi(2)/df = 3.3, Tucker-Lewis index {[}TLI] = 0.92, comparative fit index {[}CFI] = 0.92 and root mean square error of approximation {[}RMSEA] = 0.07) and reliability (alpha = 0.77-0.92). The fit of the structural model was adequate (chi(2)/df = 2.8, TLI = 0.89, CFI = 0.91, RMSEA = 0.06). People of a lower economic level, with incomplete dentition, who did not undergo previous aesthetic dental treatment, and who did not like their own smile showed greater psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics. Conclusions Demographic and clinical characteristics should be considered in the evaluation of the impact of dental aesthetics on individuals'. Moreover, PIDAQ is an alternative tool for clinical evaluation of the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics because it provides valid and reliable data. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/00043-0 - Contribuição de variáveis demográficas e da estética no impacto do perfil de saúde bucal na vida de indivíduos adultos
Beneficiário:Mariana Andrade Costa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 18/06739-1 - Contribuição da estética orofacial para formação do conceito imagem corporal e para satisfação com a vida de indivíduos adultos
Beneficiário:Lucas Arrais de Campos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado