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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Potassium fertilization increases hydraulic redistribution and water use efficiency for stemwood production in Eucalyptus grandis plantations

Texto completo
Asensio, Veronica [1, 2] ; Domec, Jean-Christophe [3, 4] ; Nouvellon, Yann [5, 6] ; Laclau, Jean-Paul [5, 6] ; Bouillet, Jean-Pierre [5, 6] ; Jordan-Meille, Lionel [3] ; Lavres, Jose [1] ; Rojas, Juan Delgado [7] ; Guillemot, Joannes [5, 6, 8] ; Abreu-Junior, Cassio H. [1]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo Luiz de Queiroz, Dept Soil Sci, Coll Agr USP ESALQ, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Bordeaux Sci Agro, INRA UMR 1391, ISPA, F-33170 Gradignan - France
[4] Duke Univ, Nicholas Sch Environm, Box 90328, Durham, NC 27708 - USA
[5] UMR Eco & Sols, CIRAD, F-34060 Montpellier - France
[6] Univ Montpellier, Montpellier SupAgro, INRA, CIRAD, IRD, Eco & Sols, F-34060 Montpellier - France
[7] Agro Ambiencia Serv Agr, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[8] Univ Sao Paulo Luiz de Queiroz, Dept Forest Sci, Coll Agr USP ESALQ, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Citações Web of Science: 4

Climate change is expected to increase the frequency of droughts in most tropical regions in the coming decades. A passive phenomenon called hydraulic redistribution (HR) allows some plant species to take up water from deep and wet soil layers and redistribute it in the upper dry layers where other plants and soil biota can benefit from it. In addition, soil fertilization, particularly potassium (K), may also affect drought-adaptive mechanisms and increase water use efficiency (WUE) on poor and acidic tropical soils. The present study aimed at quantifying the role of HR and K fertilization on both wood productivity and WUE for stemwood production (WUEp) of Eucalyptus grandis plantations in Brazil under ambient and reduced (-37%) throughfall conditions. Tree transpiration was measured using trunk sap flow sensors over 21 months, and HR was estimated from the reverse sap flow (RF) observed in shallow roots over 18 months. Tree biomass, hydraulic conductance, soil water storage from surface to the water table (down to 17 m), and leaf photosynthetic capacity were also assessed. Significant HR was detected over the whole year, even during the rainy seasons. Neither potassium fertilization nor throughfall exclusion affected the velocity of water transported by HR, probably because most trees reached water table. Nonetheless, some photosynthetic capacity parameters, including the maximum photosynthetic rate (A(max)), increased in treatments with K addition. This higher A(max) combined with an increased sapwood area index, was associated with an increase in water uptake by 30 %-50 % and WUEp by 300% relative to K-deficient trees. We postulate that the increase in WUEp promoted by potassium fertilization was partly driven by an increase in biomass allocation to wood, at the expense of foraging organs (leaves and roots), because K addition alleviated constraints on light and water use. Our results indicate that fertilizing E. grandis plantations with K is beneficial to both wood biomass production and WUEp. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/25998-4 - Influência da adubação potássica e da redistribuição hidráulica por raízes profundas sobre a disponibilidade de água e de nutrientes para a cultura do eucalipto
Beneficiário:Verónica Asensio Fandiño
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/13553-1 - IUFRO Eucalyptus 2018 - Managing Eucalypt Plantations under Global Changes
Beneficiário:Cassio Hamilton Abreu Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Reunião - Exterior