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Does undiagnosed diabetes mitigate the association between diabetes and cognitive impairment? Findings from theELSI-Brazilstudy

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Autor(es):
Cochar-Soares, Natalia [1] ; de Carvalho, Danilo H. T. [2] ; de Andrade, Fabiola B. [3] ; Castro-Costa, Erico [3] ; de Oliveira, Cesar [4] ; Lima-Costa, Maria F. [3] ; Alexandre, Tiago da S. [4, 1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Gerontol, Grad Program Gerontol, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Grad Program Phys Therapy, Dept Phys Therapy, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rene Rachou Res Ctr, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[4] UCL, Dept Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, London - England
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF DIABETES; JUL 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with cognitive impairment. However, most of the evidence has been based on self-reported T2DM, and undiagnosed diabetes has not been considered as a separate category. We aimed to examine the extent to which undiagnosed diabetes modifies the association between diabetes and cognitive impairment in a representative sample of Brazilian adults aged 50 years and older. Methods We analyzed baseline data from 1944 participants of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSI-Brazil) conducted from 2015 to 2016. Diabetes was evaluated based on self-reported doctor diagnosis and glycosylated hemoglobin levels. Participants were classified as diabetics (D), undiagnosed diabetics (UDD), or nondiabetics (ND). Cognitive function was assessed by word list learning and verbal fluency tests. Three multiple logistic regression models were used to evaluate the changes in the strength of the associations. Results Participants with diabetes had 49% greater odds of exhibiting impaired memory than nondiabetics (odds ratio {[}OR] = 1.49; 95% CI: 1.01-2.20). By combining UDD and ND, the association between diabetes and impaired memory was attenuated by 2.0%, losing its statistical significance (OR = 1.46; 95% CI: 0.98-2.17). By combining UDD and D, the association was attenuated by 7.4% (OR = 1.38; 95% CI: 1.01-1.90). No significant association was found between T2DM and impaired verbal fluency. Conclusion This study found an association between T2DM and impaired memory but not with impaired verbal fluency. When UDD individuals are considered diabetics, this association is attenuated; when UDD individuals are considered as ND, this association is attenuated to the extent that it loses its statistical significance, affecting thus the clinical interpretation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/22818-6 - O efeito da diabetes não diagnosticada na associação entre diabetes autorrelatada e dois domínios cognitivos: linguagem e memória em pessoas com mais de 50 anos de idade: estudo ELSI
Beneficiário:Natália Cochar Soares
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 18/13917-3 - Envelhecimento musculoesquelético: repercussões metabólicas, funcionais e risco de mortalidade em pessoas com mais de 50 anos de idade
Beneficiário:Tiago da Silva Alexandre
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores