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The Experiences of Bereaved Parents After the Loss of a Child to Cancer: A Qualitative Metasynthesis

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Autor(es):
Polita, Naiara Barros [1, 2] ; de Montigny, Francine [2, 3, 4] ; Neris, Rhyquelle Rhibna [5] ; Alvarenga, Willyane de Andrade [6] ; Silva-Rodrigues, Fernanda Machado [7] ; Leite, Ana Carolina Andrade Biaggi [5] ; Nascimento, Lucila Castanheira [5]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo Ribeirao Preto, Coll Nursing, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Quebec Outaouais, Gatineau, PQ - Canada
[3] Univ Quebec Outaouais, Dept Nursing, Gatineau, PQ - Canada
[4] Univ Quebec Outaouais, Family Psychosocial Hlth, Gatineau, PQ - Canada
[5] Univ Sao Paulo Ribeirao Preto, Coll Nursing, WHO Collaborating Ctr Nursing Res Dev, Ave Bandeirantes, 3900, Campus Univ, BR-14040920 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Quebec Outaouais, Ctr Etud & Rech Intervent Familiale Canada, Gatineau, PQ - Canada
[7] Santa Casa Sao Paulo Sch Med Sci, Pediat Nursing, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC ONCOLOGY NURSING; JUL 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

This study aims to synthesize qualitative evidence about the bereavement experience of parents following the death of a child due to cancer. A qualitative metasynthesis was conducted from searching five databases. The search identified 650 articles that were independently assessed by two reviewers. Thirty-one articles were selected for full-text reading and assessed for eligibility; a total of 14 articles were included in the final sample and submitted to quality appraisal. The software NVivo (R) was used to organize the data and support the thematic analysis procedures. Two analytical themes were constructed: (1) losing a child and facing a rupture in identity and sense of life and (2) surviving grief and reengaging in life. The grief process was dynamic, continuous, and begun before the death of the child. Fathers and mothers reacted differently to the loss and experience of grief. The loss of a child definitively changed the parents' life and caused identity crisis and loss of life's purpose. During the process of survival, parents constructed new meanings that helped them cope with grief; they used strategies that allowed them to recover their sense of purpose in life. Synthesizing the experience of bereaved parents is essential to improve the support families of children with advanced cancer receive to better cope with their suffering and loss, before and after the child's death. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/03733-2 - O significado da recidiva do Câncer do filho atribuído pelo pai
Beneficiário:Naiara Barros Polita
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado