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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Unraveling the mechanisms controlling Cd accumulation and Cd-tolerance inBrachiaria decumbensandPanicum maximumunder summer and winter weather conditions

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Autor(es):
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Silveira Rabelo, Flavio Henrique [1, 2] ; Gaziola, Salete Aparecida [2] ; Rossi, Monica Lanzoni [3] ; Silveira, Neidiquele Maria [4] ; Wojcik, Malgorzata [5] ; Bajguz, Andrzej [6] ; Piotrowska-Niczyporuk, Alicja [6] ; Lavres, Jose [3] ; Linhares, Francisco Scaglia [3] ; Azevedo, Ricardo Antunes [2] ; Vangronsveld, Jaco [1] ; Ferracciu Alleoni, Luis Reynaldo [2]
Número total de Autores: 12
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Hasselt Univ, Ctr Environm Sci, Diepenbeek - Belgium
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Coll Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Piracicaba - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Nucl Energy Agr, Piracicaba - Brazil
[4] Ctr R&D Ecophysiol & Biophys, Agron Inst, Campinas - Brazil
[5] Marie Curie Sklodowska Univ, Fac Biol & Biotechnol, Lublin - Poland
[6] Univ Bialystok, Fac Biol & Chem, Bialystok - Poland
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM; AUG 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

We evaluated the mechanisms that control Cd accumulation and distribution, and the mechanisms that protect the photosynthetic apparatus ofBrachiaria decumbensStapf. cv. Basilisk andPanicum maximumJacq. cv. Massai from Cd-induced oxidative stress, as well as the effects of simulated summer or winter conditions on these mechanisms. Both grasses were grown in unpolluted and Cd-polluted Oxisol (0.63 and 3.6 mg Cd kg(-1)soil, respectively) at summer and winter conditions. Grasses grown in the Cd-polluted Oxisol presented higher Cd concentration in their tissues in the winter conditions, but the shoot biomass production of both grasses was not affected by the experimental conditions. Cadmium was more accumulated in the root apoplast than the root symplast, contributing to increase the diameter and cell layers of the cambial region of both grasses. Roots ofB. decumbenswere more susceptible to disturbed nutrients uptake and nitrogen metabolism than roots ofP. maximum. Both grasses translocated high amounts of Cd to their shoots resulting in oxidative stress. Oxidative stress in the leaves of both grasses was higher in summer than winter, but only inP. maximumsuperoxide dismutase (SOD) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activities were increased. However, CO(2)assimilation was not affected due to the protection provided by reduced glutathione (GSH) and phytochelatins (PCs) that were more synthesized in shoots than roots. In summary, the root apoplast was not sufficiently effective to prevent Cd translocation from roots to shoot, but GSH and PCs provided good protection for the photosynthetic apparatus of both grasses. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/11299-8 - Biodisponibilidade de cádmio em Latossolo Vermelho e sua relação com a tolerância de Brachiaria decumbens e Panicum maximum utilizando Noccaea caerulescens como modelo
Beneficiário:Flávio Henrique Silveira Rabêlo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/07190-3 - Comunidades bacterianas na rizosfera de Brachiaria decumbens, Panicum maximum e Noccaea caerulescens utilizadas para fitoextração de cádmio em Latossolo Vermelho
Beneficiário:Flávio Henrique Silveira Rabêlo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado