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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Skeletal muscle microvascular insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes is not improved by eight weeks of regular walking

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Autor(es):
Park, Lauren K. [1, 2] ; Parks, Elizabeth J. [1, 3] ; Pettit-Mee, Ryan J. [1, 2] ; Woodford, Makenzie L. [1, 2] ; Ghiarone, Thaysa [2] ; Smith, James A. [1, 2] ; Sales, Allan R. K. [4, 5, 2] ; Martinez-Lemus, Luis A. [2, 6] ; Manrique-Acevedo, Camila [7, 2, 8] ; Padilla, Jaume [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Missouri, Dept Nutr & Exercise Physiol, Columbia, MO 65211 - USA
[2] Univ Missouri, Dalton Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Columbia, MO 65211 - USA
[3] Univ Missouri, Dept Med, Div Gastroenterol & Hepatol, Columbia, MO - USA
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Heart Inst InCor, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] DOr Inst Res & Educ IDOR, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Missouri, Dept Med Pharmacol & Physiol, Columbia, MO - USA
[7] Harry S Truman Mem Vet Hosp, Res Serv, Columbia, MO 65201 - USA
[8] Univ Missouri, Dept Med, Div Endocrinol Diabet & Metab, Columbia, MO - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Applied Physiology; v. 129, n. 2, p. 283-296, AUG 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

We aimed to examine whether individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) exhibit suppressed leg vascular conductance and skeletal muscle capillary perfusion in response to a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp and to test whether these two variables are positively correlated. Subsequently, we examined whether T2D-associated skeletal muscle microvascular insulin resistance, as well as overall vascular dysfunction, would be ameliorated by an 8-wk walking intervention (45 min at 60% of heart rate reserve, 5 sessions/week). We report that, relative to healthy subjects, overweight and obese individuals with T2D exhibit depressed insulin-stimulated increases in leg vascular conductance, skeletal muscle capillary perfusion, and Akt phosphorylation. Notably. we found that within individuals with T2D, those with lesser increases in leg vascular conductance in response to insulin exhibited the lowest increases in muscle capillary perfusion, suggesting that limited muscle capillary perfusion may be, in part. linked to the impaired ability of the upstream resistance vessels to dilate in response to insulin. Furthermore, we show that the 8-wk walking intervention, which did not evoke weight loss, was insufficient to ameliorate skeletal muscle microvascular insulin resistance in previously sedentary. overweight/obese subjects with T2D, despite high adherence and tolerance. However, the walking intervention did improve (P < 0.05) popliteal artery flow-mediated dilation (+4.52%) and reduced HbA1c (-0.75%). It is possible that physical activity interventions that are longer in duration, engage large muscle groups with recruitment of the maximum number of muscle fibers, and lead to a robust reduction in metabolic risk factors may be required to overhaul microvascular insulin resistance in T2D. NEW \& NOTEWORTHY This report provides evidence that in sedentary subjects with type 2 diabetes diminished insulin-stimulated increases in leg vascular conductance and ensuing blunted capillary perfusion in skeletal muscle are not restorable by increased walking alone. More innovative physical activity interventions that ultimately result in a robust mitigation of metabolic risk factors may be vital for reestablishing skeletal muscle microvascular insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/25613-6 - Exercício aeróbico habitual diminui endotelina 1 e restaura a vasodilatação induzida por insulina em pacientes com diabetes tipo 2: o papel do shear stress
Beneficiário:Allan Robson Kluser Sales
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/11671-6 - Efeito do treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade versus moderado contínuo nos mecanismos reflexos periféricos de controle da atividade simpática em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca
Beneficiário:Allan Robson Kluser Sales
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado