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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Biophysical and pharmacological characterization of a full-length synthetic analog of the antitumor polypeptide crotamine

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Autor(es):
de Carvalho Porta, Lucas [1] ; Fadel, Valmir [2] ; D'Arc Campeiro, Joana [1] ; Oliveira, Eduardo Brandt [3] ; Godinho, Rosely Oliveira [1] ; Hayashi, Mirian Akemi Furuie [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Farmacol, Escola Paulista Med EPM, Rua 3 Maio 100, Ed INFAR, 3rd Floor, BR-04044020 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Sao Paulo UNESP, Sao Jose Do Rio Preto - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo USP FMRP, Dept Bioquim & Imunol, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR MEDICINE-JMM; v. 98, n. 11 SEP 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Crotamine is a polypeptide isolated from the venom of a South American rattlesnake. Among the properties and biological activities of crotamine, the most extraordinary is its ability to enter cells with unique selective affinity and cytotoxic activity against actively proliferating cells, such as tumor cells. This peptide is also a cargo carrier, and anticipating commercial application of this native polypeptide as a potential theranostic compound against cancer, we performed here a side-by-side characterization of a chemically synthesized full-length crotamine compared with its native counterpart. The structural, biophysical, and pharmacological properties were evaluated. Comparative NMR studies showed structural conservation of synthetic crotamine. Moreover, similarly to native crotamine, the synthetic polypeptide was also capable of inhibiting tumor growth in vivo, increasing the survival of mice bearing subcutaneous tumor. We also confirmed the ability of synthetic crotamine to transfect and transport DNA into eukaryotic cells, in addition to the importance of proteoglycans on cell surface for its internalization. This work opens new opportunities for future evaluation of chimeric and/or point-mutated analogs of this snake polypeptide, aiming for improving crotamine properties and applications, as well as possibly diminishing its potential toxic effects. Key messages center dot Synthetic crotamine showed ex vivo and in vivo activities similar to native peptide. center dot Synthetic crotamine structure conservation was demonstrated by NMR analysis. center dot Synthetic crotamine is able to transfect and transport DNA into eukaryotic cells. center dot Synthetic crotamine shows tumor growth inhibition in vivo. center dot Synthetic crotamine increases survival of mice bearing tumor. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/50891-1 - INCT 2014: Translacional em Medicina
Beneficiário:Jaime Eduardo Cecilio Hallak
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 17/02413-1 - Validação da crotamina como biomarcador e avaliação do seu potencial uso na terapia de doenças humanas
Beneficiário:Mirian Akemi Furuie Hayashi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 18/20014-0 - Conectando o intestino e o cérebro: envolvimento do microbioma intestinal no surgimento e progressão da doença de Parkinson esporádica
Beneficiário:Matheus de Castro Fonseca
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 18/21381-6 - Validação da "Via Extracelular AMPc-Adenosina" como novo alvo terapêutico para o tratamento de doenças respiratórias crônicas
Beneficiário:Rosely Oliveira Godinho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular