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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Ferric Uptake Regulator Fur Coordinates Siderophore Production and Defense against Iron Toxicity and Oxidative Stress and Contributes to Virulence in Chromobacterium violaceum

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Autor(es):
Rodrigues de Souza Santos, Renato Elias [1] ; Batista, Bianca Bontempi [1] ; da Silva Neto, Jose Freire [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Biol Celular & Mol & Bioagentes Patogen, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Applied and Environmental Microbiology; v. 86, n. 21 NOV 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Iron is a highly reactive metal that participates in several processes in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Hosts and pathogens compete for iron in the context of infection. Chromobacterium violaceum, an environmental Gram-negative bacterial pathogen, relies on siderophores to overcome iron limitation in the host. In this work, we studied the role of the ferric uptake regulator Fur in the physiology and virulence of C. violaceum. A.fur mutant strain showed decreased growth and fitness under regular in vitro growth conditions and presented high sensitivity to iron and oxidative stresses. Furthermore, the absence of fur caused derepression of siderophore production and reduction in swimming motility and biofilm formation. Consistent with these results, the C. violaceum.fur mutant was highly attenuated for virulence and liver colonization in mice. In contrast, a manganese-selected spontaneous fur mutant showed only siderophore overproduction and sensitivity to oxidative stress, indicating that Fur remained partially functional in this strain. We found that mutations in genes related to siderophore biosynthesis and a putative CRISPR-Cas locus rescued the.fur mutant growth defects, indicating that multiple Fur-regulated processes contribute to maintaining bacterial cell fitness. Overall, our data indicated that Fur is conditionally essential in C. violaceum mainly by protecting cells from iron overload and oxidative damage. The requirement of Fur for virulence highlights the importance of iron in the pathogenesis of C. violaceum. IMPORTANCE Maintenance of iron homeostasis, i.e., avoiding both deficiency and toxicity of this metal, is vital to bacteria and their hosts. Iron sequestration by host proteins is a crucial strategy to combat bacterial infections. In bacteria, the ferric uptake regulator Fur coordinates the expression of several iron-related genes. Sometimes, Fur can also regulate several other processes. In this work, we performed an in-depth phenotypic characterization of fur mutants in the human opportunistic pathogen Chromobacterium violaceum. We determined that fur is a conditionally essential gene necessary for proper growth under regular conditions and is fully required for survival under iron and oxidative stresses. Fur also controlled several virulence-associated traits, such as swimming motility, biofilm formation, and siderophore production. Consistent with these results, a C. violaceum fur null mutant showed attenuation of virulence. Therefore, our data established Fur as a major player required for C. violaceum to manage iron, including during infection in the host. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/03342-0 - Fatores de transcrição da família Fur e a resposta a ferro e zinco em Chromobacterium violaceum
Beneficiário:Renato Elias Rodrigues de Souza Santos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/01388-6 - Homeostase de ferro em Chromobacterium violaceum: mecanismos regulatórios, sistemas de captação e papel em virulência
Beneficiário:José Freire da Silva Neto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 20/00259-8 - Papel de sistemas de secreção de Chromobacterium violaceum na interação com o hospedeiro e com outras bactérias
Beneficiário:José Freire da Silva Neto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 18/19058-2 - Caracterização de novos mecanismos regulatórios e de resistência ao ferro em Chromobacterium violaceum
Beneficiário:Bianca Bontempi Batista
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado