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Direct Liquid Fuel Cells-The Influence of Temperature and Dynamic Instabilities

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Autor(es):
Nogueira, Jessica A. [1] ; Varela, Hamilton [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ENERGY & FUELS; v. 34, n. 10, p. 12995-13009, OCT 15 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The interconversion between chemical and electrical energies plays a pivotal role in the challenge for a sustainable future. Proton exchange membrane fuel cells based on the electro-oxidation of hydrogen and reduction of oxygen comprise a relatively mature technology of indisputable relevance. Alternatively, some open questions concerning the use of direct liquid fuel cells (DLFCs) call for further experimental investigations. In this paper, we evaluate the temperature effect on DLFCs under conventional and oscillatory conditions. We studied four molecules: methanol, formic acid, ethanol, and dimethyl ether (DME). The use of identical experimental conditions allowed evaluation of the role of the fuel on DLFC performance, thus providing reference values for future investigations. Under a regular, nonoscillatory regime, we observed for all cases that the overpotential decreases as the temperature increases mainly because water activation on the catalyst surface is facilitated at high temperatures. By mapping the conditions where oscillatory kinetics manifest itself under the galvanostatic mode, only the electro-oxidation of DME did not exhibit potential oscillations. The relationship between oscillatory frequency and temperature during the methanol and formic acid electro-oxidation followed a conventional Arrhenius dependence, whereas with ethanol, there was no straightforward trend, and temperature compensation prevails. The atypical behavior found for ethanol was addressed in terms of its main electrocatalytic poisons: adsorbed CO and acetate. The absence of oscillations during DME electro-oxidation was attributed to its weak interaction with the catalyst surface. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/09295-9 - Comportamento dinâmico em células a combustível de baixa temperatura baseadas na oxidação de moléculas orgânicas pequenas
Beneficiário:Jéssica Alves Nogueira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 17/17644-9 - Estabilidade de eletrocatalisadores frente à eletro-oxidação de moléculas orgânicas
Beneficiário:Jéssica Alves Nogueira
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/16930-7 - Eletrocatálise V: processos eletrocatalíticos de interconversão entre as energias química e elétrica
Beneficiário:Edson Antonio Ticianelli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático