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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Running wheel exercise induces therapeutic and preventive effects on inflammatory stimulus-induced persistent hyperalgesia in mice

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Autor(es):
Sartori, Cesar Renato [1] ; Pagliusi, Jr., Marco [1] ; Bonet, Ivan Jose Magayewski [1] ; Tambeli, Claudia Herrera [1] ; Parada, Carlos Amilcar [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Struct & Funct Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 15, n. 10 OCT 13 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Chronic pain affects significant portion of the world's population and physical exercise has been extensively indicated as non-pharmacological clinical intervention to relieve symptoms in chronic pain conditions. In general, studies on pain chronification and physical exercise intervention have focused on neuropathic pain, although chronic pain commonly results from an original inflammatory episode. Based on this, the objective of the present study was to investigate the therapeutic and preventive effect of the running wheel exercise on the persistent hyperalgesia induced by repetitive inflammatory stimulus, a rodent model that simulates clinical conditions of chronic pain that persist even with no more inflammatory stimulus present. To evaluate the therapeutic effect of physical exercise, we first induced persistent hyperalgesia through 14 days of PGE2 hind paw injections and, after that, mice have access to the regular voluntary running wheel. To evaluate the preventive effect of physical exercise, we first left the mice with access to the regular voluntary running wheel and, after that, we performed 14 days of PGE2 hind paw injection. Our results showed that voluntary running wheel exercise reduced persistent mechanical and chemical hyperalgesia intensity induced by repetitive inflammatory stimulus. In addition, we showed that this therapeutic effect is long-lasting and is observed even if started belatedly, i.e. two weeks after the development of hyperalgesia. Also, our results showed that voluntary running wheel exercise absolutely prevented persistent mechanical and chemical hyperalgesia induction. We can conclude that physical exercise has therapeutic and preventive effect on inflammatory stimulus-induced persistent hyperalgesia. Our data from animal experiments bypass placebo effects bias of the human studies and reinforce physical exercise clinical recommendations to treat and prevent chronic pain. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/23531-6 - Mecanismo neurobiológico no sistema dopaminérgico mesolímbico envolvido na modulação da hiperalgesia persistente pelo exercício físico
Beneficiário:Cesar Renato Sartori
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/08922-1 - Mecanismo neurobiológico no sistema dopaminérgico mesolímbico envolvido na modulação pelo exercício físico da hiperalgesia persistente e da depressão
Beneficiário:Carlos Amilcar Parada
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular