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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Selective Trust and Theory of Mind in Brazilian Children: Effects of Culture or Socioeconomic Background?

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Souza, Debora de Hollanda [1] ; Suarez, Sarah [2] ; Koenig, Melissa Ann [3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Boston Univ, Boston, MA 02215 - USA
[3] Univ Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF COGNITION AND DEVELOPMENT; v. 22, n. 2 JAN 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The present study was the first to investigate the ability to selectively trust reliable informants in a sample of Brazilian preschool children from two different socioeconomic backgrounds. Ninety-three 3- and 4-year-old children, equally distributed across a low- and medium-SES group, participated. A standard selective trust task was used. Participants also completed the Scale of Theory-of Mind Tasks and a vocabulary test (PPVT). Children from the mid-SES group showed higher vocabulary and theory-of-mind scores, but surprisingly, their performance in the selective trust task was significantly worse than the low-SES group. No age effect was found, but results suggest a significant main effect of condition, with participants performing better when an accurate informant was pitted against a neutral informant in comparison to when an inaccurate informant was pitted against a neutral informant. This pattern of results contrasts with previous evidence with 3-year-old children in the U.S., who showed more selective performance in the presence of inaccurate informants. These findings are the first to demonstrate the influence of family SES on selective learning in childhood and point to promising lines of investigation on how mechanisms of selective trust may vary across socioeconomic contexts. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/11050-9 - Faça o que eu digo, mas não faça o que eu faço: o uso por crianças do comportamento e testemunho de informantes em seus julgamentos de confiança
Beneficiário:Débora de Hollanda Souza
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa
Processo FAPESP: 10/11757-7 - O desenvolvimento da confiança seletiva: uma investigação sobre os efeitos da cultura e da cognição social
Beneficiário:Débora de Hollanda Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/50909-8 - INCT 2014: Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino (INCT-ECCE): aprendizagem relacional e funcionamento simbólico
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 08/57705-8 - Instituto de Estudos sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático