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Genetic structure and diversity identify incipient domestication of Piquia [Caryocar villosum (Aubl.) pers.] along the lower Tapajos River, Brazilian Amazonia

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Francisconi, Ana Flavia [1] ; Alves, Rubana Palhares [2] ; Clement, Charles R. [3] ; Dequigiovanni, Gabriel [4] ; de Carvalho, Igor A. S. [1] ; Veasey, Elizabeth A. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Genet, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Av Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Programa Posgrad Ecol, Av Andre Araujo 2936, BR-69067375 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[3] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Coordenacao Tecnol & Inovacao, Av Andre Araujo 2936, BR-69067375 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[4] Ctr Univ Univel, Tito Mufatto Ave 2317, BR-85806080 Cascavel, Parana - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution; v. 68, n. 4 JAN 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 1

In Amazonia there are at least 85 arboreal species with domesticated populations, among which piquia {[}Caryocar villosum (Aubl.) Pers.] is widely distributed. In some regions, there is ethnobotanical evidence of domestication for its fruit. To understand more about piquia domestication, we evaluated genetic diversity and structure of two regions, sampling 130 trees in forests and homegardens (92 trees in the Tapajos National Forest and 38 in the Rio Ouro Preto Extractive Reserve), using seven microsatellite markers. In Tapajos, piquia trees form large aggregations near archaeological sites, while in Ouro Preto the aggregations are smaller. The Tapajos presented higher effective number of alleles, allelic richness and expected heterozygosity, with lower observed heterozygosity and, consequently, a higher fixation index and lower apparent outcrossing rate. Genetic structure exists between regions, forming four probable groups: one that corresponds mainly to Ouro Preto and the others in the Tapajos. When the Tapajos was analyzed separately, we found four genetic groups that do not correspond to homegarden and forest systems. In the homegardens we found lower number of effective alleles, allelic richness and observed heterozygosity. These subtle differences in genetic diversity between homegarden and forest trees identify piquia's incipient domestication, agreeing with ethnobotanical evidence. The piquia stands near archaeological sites and the existence of four genetic groups suggest that piquia was introduced into the Tapajos during pre-Columbian times from at least three different sources. Trail registration numbers: SisBio-58609-1, from August 5, 2017; SisGen-A3D06AA, from March 26, 2020. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/04868-6 - Diversidade genética e domesticação de piquiás (Caryocar villosum) originados em mata e quintais na Floresta Nacional do Tapajós
Beneficiário:Ana Flávia Francisconi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado