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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Prospects for high-elevation radio detection of > 100 PeV tau neutrinos

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Autor(es):
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Wissel, Stephanie [1, 2, 3] ; Romero-Wolf, Andres [4, 5] ; Schoorlemmer, Harm [6] ; Carvalho, Jr., Washington R. [7, 8] ; Alvarez-Muniz, Jaime [8] ; Zas, Enrique [8] ; Cummings, Austin [9, 10] ; Deaconu, Cosmin [11] ; Hughes, Kaeli [11, 12] ; Ludwig, Andrew [11, 13, 12] ; Morancy, Joalda [11] ; Oberla, Eric [11] ; Paciaroni, Caroline [3] ; Prohira, Steven [14] ; Southall, Dan [11, 12] ; Stapel-Kalat, Max [3] ; Strutt, Ben [13] ; Vasquez, Mercedes [3] ; Vieregg, Abigail [11, 15, 12]
Número total de Autores: 19
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, 104 Davey Lab, University Pk, PA 16802 - USA
[2] Penn State Univ, Dept Astron & Astrophys, 525 Davey Lab, University Pk, PA 16802 - USA
[3] Calif Polytech State Univ San Luis Obispo, Phys Dept, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407 - USA
[4] CALTECH, Jet Prop Lab, Pasadena, CA 91109 - USA
[5] CALTECH, Div Phys Math & Astron, Pasadena, CA 91125 - USA
[6] Max Planck Inst Kernphys, D-69117 Heidelberg - Germany
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Fis, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[8] Univ Santiago de Compostela, Inst Galego Fis Altas Enerxias IGFAE, Santiago De Compostela 15782 - Spain
[9] Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Lab Nazl Gran Sasso, Assergi, AQ - Italy
[10] Gran Sasso Sci Inst, Laquila - Italy
[11] Univ Chicago, Kavli Inst Cosmol Phys, Chicago, IL 60637 - USA
[12] Univ Chicago, Dept Phys, Chicago, IL 60637 - USA
[13] Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Phys & Astron, Los Angeles, CA 90095 - USA
[14] Ohio State Univ, Dept Phys, Ctr Cosmol & AstroParticle Phys, 174 W 18th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 - USA
[15] Univ Chicago, Enrico Fermi Inst, 5640 S Ellis Ave, Chicago, IL 60637 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 15
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics; n. 11 NOV 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Tau neutrinos are expected to comprise roughly one third of both the astrophysical and cosmogenic neutrino flux, but currently the flavor ratio is poorly constrained and the expected flux at energies above 10(17) eV is low. We present a detector concept aimed at measuring the diffuse flux of tau neutrinos in this energy range via a high-elevation mountaintop detector using the radio technique. The detector searches for radio signals from upgoing air showers generated by Earth-skimming tau neutrinos. Signals from several antennas in a compact array are coherently summed at the trigger level, permitting not only directional masking of anthropogenic backgrounds, but also a low trigger threshold. This design takes advantage of both the large viewing area available at high-elevation sites and the nearly full duty cycle available to radio instruments. We present trade studies that consider the station elevation, frequency band, number of antennas in the array, and the trigger threshold to develop a highly efficient station design. Such a mountaintop detector can achieve a factor of ten improvement in acceptance over existing instruments with 100 independent stations. With 1000 stations and three years of observation, it can achieve a sensitivity to an integrated epsilon(-2) flux of < 10(-9) GeV cm(-2) sr(-1) s(-1), in the range of the expected flux of all-flavor cosmogenic neutrinos assuming a pure iron cosmic-ray composition. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/15735-1 - Investigação da composição dos raios cósmicos de ultra alta energia utilizando a técnica de detecção por rádio
Beneficiário:Washington Rodrigues de Carvalho Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado