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The role of secondary riparian forests for conserving fish assemblages in eastern Amazon streams

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Autor(es):
de Paula, Felipe Rossetti [1] ; Leal, Cecilia Gontijo [1] ; Leitao, Rafael Pereira [2] ; Ferraz, Silvio Frosini de Barros [1] ; Pompeu, Paulo Santos [3] ; Zuanon, Jansen Alfredo Sampaio [4] ; Hughes, Robert M. [5, 6]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Forest Sci Luiz de Queiroz, Coll Agr, Ave Padua Dias, 11, CP 9, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Inst Biol Sci, Dept Genet Ecol & Evolut, Ave Presidente Antonio Carlos 6627, BR-31270901 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Lavras, Dept Biol, Ave Cent S-N Campus Univ, BR-37200900 Lavras, MG - Brazil
[4] Natl Inst Amazonia Res, Biodivers Themat Grp, Ave Andre Araujo 2936, BR-69067375 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[5] Oregon State Univ, Amnis Opes Inst, 2895 Southeast Glenn St, Corvallis, OR 97333 - USA
[6] Oregon State Univ, Dept Fisheries & Wildlife, 2895 Southeast Glenn St, Corvallis, OR 97333 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Hydrobiologia; FEB 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Riparian deforestation degrades stream habitats, altering fish assemblages' structure, and composition. In contrast, secondary riparian forests can recover stream habitats and fish assemblages as they recover structural attributes and ecological processes. We evaluated whether the amount and condition of secondary riparian forests were important to conserve fish assemblages in 49 streams sites in eastern Amazonia. We related fish assemblage taxonomic and functional measures to riparian forest amount plus different habitat metrics using regression analysis. We compared assemblage measures among reference forests, abandoned pastures (open canopy), and secondary forests (closed canopy) using ANOVA tests. The amount of secondary forests had little influence on fish assemblages. Species richness, diversity, and functional richness were higher in pasture than in reference sites but returned to pre-disturbance conditions in secondary sites. However, functional evenness was lower in pasture streams and did not recover after secondary forest regrowth. Our results show that secondary riparian forest condition is important to recover some aspects of fish assemblages. However, streams bordered by these forests may have impoverished fish assemblages because some lost sensitive species may take longer to return. Avoiding riparian deforestation is the best strategy to reduce losses in aquatic biodiversity and ecosystem functions in tropical agricultural landscapes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/12341-0 - Funções ecológicas de florestas secundárias e seu papel na conservação de riachos em paisagens agrícolas da Amazônia Brasileira
Beneficiário:Felipe Rossetti de Paula
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 17/25383-0 - Avaliação em larga escala das ameaças antrópicas à biodiversidade aquática da Amazônia
Beneficiário:Cecília Gontijo Leal
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado