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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Urban living influences the nutritional quality of a juvenile shark species

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Autor(es):
Rangel, Bianca de Sousa [1] ; Hammerschlag, Neil [2, 3] ; Moreira, Renata Guimaraes [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Fisiol, Lab Metabolismo & Reproducao Organismos Aquat, Rua Matao, Travessa 14, 321, Cidade Univ, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Miami, Rosenstiel Sch Marine & Atmospher Sci, Miami, FL 33149 - USA
[3] Univ Miami, Leonard & Jayne Abess Ctr Ecosyst Sci & Policy, Coral Gables, FL 33146 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Science of The Total Environment; v. 776, JUL 1 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

The field of marine urban ecology is a nascent, but growing area of research. An understanding of how urbanization may alter the diets and nutrition of marine species living in urbanized coastal habitats is limited. In the present study, we investigated the influence of urbanization on dietary patterns and nutritional quality of the nurse shark Ginglymostoma cirratum, a coastal epibenthic mesopredator. We tested the hypothesis that sharks sampled in urbanized areas (hereafter, \& lsquo;urban sharks \& rsquo;) would exhibit lower nutritional quality than individuals sampled in adjacent, but more pristine areas (hereafter \& lsquo;non-urban sharks \& rsquo;). To accomplish this, we compared plasma fatty acid profiles of juvenile nurse sharks in proximity to Miami, a large coastal city, within Biscayne Bay, Florida. Results revealed that urban sharks contained higher levels of plasma saturated and bacterial fatty acids compared to non-urban sharks. Urban sharks also exhibited lower proportions of essential fatty acids (i.e., highly unsaturated fatty acids, HUFAs), mainly due to low contributions of omega-6 HUFAs. These results suggest that urban sharks consumed lower-quality food resources than conspecifics in less impacted areas. The apparent poor nutritional quality of prey consumed by shark living in urban areas may have several long-term consequences on their health and growth. (c) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/16320-7 - Impactos das mudanças climáticas e ambientais sobre a fauna: uma abordagem integrativa
Beneficiário:Carlos Arturo Navas Iannini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 17/25273-0 - Ecofisiologia e relações tróficas de elasmobrânquios: biomarcadores como ferramentas para conservação
Beneficiário:Bianca de Sousa Rangel
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado