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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Masking Level Difference: Performance of School Children Aged 7-12 Years

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Autor(es):
de Carvalho, Nadia Giulian [1] ; Ramos do Amaral, Maria Isabel [2] ; de Barros, Vinicius Zuffo [3] ; Colella dos Santos, Maria Francisca [2, 1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Pediat Res Ctr, Child & Adolescent Hlth, 126 Univ City Zeferino Vaz, BR-13083894 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Med Sci, Dept Human Dev & Rehabil, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo Res Fdn, Tech Training, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF AUDIOLOGY AND OTOLOGY; v. 25, n. 2, p. 65-71, APR 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Background and Objectives: In masking level difference (MLD), the masked detection threshold for a signal is determined as a function of the relative interaural differences between the signal and the masker. Study 1 analyzed the results of school-aged children with good school performance in the MLD test, and study 2 compared their results with those of a group of children with poor academic performance. Subjects and Methods: Study 1 was conducted with 47 school-aged children with good academic performance (GI) and study 2 was carried out with 32 school-aged children with poor academic performance (GII). The inclusion criteria adopted for both studies were hearing thresholds within normal limits in basic audiological evaluation. Study 1 also considered normal performance in the central auditory processing test battery and absence of auditory complaints and/or of attention, language or speech issues. The MLD test was administered with a pure pulsatile tone of 500 Hz, in a binaural mode and intensity of 50 dBSL, using a CD player and audiometer. Results: In study 1, no significant correlation was observed, considering the influence of the variables age and sex in relation to the results obtained in homophase (SoNo), antiphase (S pi No) and MLD threshold conditions. The final mean MLD threshold was 13.66 dB. In study 2, the variables did not influence the test performance either. There was a significant difference between test results in S pi No conditions of the two groups, while no differences were found both in SoNo conditions and the final result of MLD. Conclusions: In study 1, the cut-off criterion of school-aged children in the MLD test was 9.3 dB. The variables (sex and age) did not interfere with the MLD results. In study 2, school performance did not differ in the MLD results. GII group showed inferior results than GI group, only in S pi No condition.\& nbsp; (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/03317-6 - Triagem do processamento auditivo central em escolares on line: desempenho de escolares nos anos iniciais do ensino fundamental
Beneficiário:Nádia Giulian de Carvalho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado