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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Valorization of Macauba husks from biodiesel production using subcritical water hydrolysis pretreatment followed by anaerobic digestion

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Ampese, Larissa Castro [1] ; Buller, Luz Selene [1] ; Myers, Jordan [2] ; Timko, Michael T. [2] ; Martins, Gilberto [3] ; Forster-Carneiro, Tania [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Food Engn, UNICAMP, Rua Monteiro Lobato 80, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Worcester Polytech Inst, Dept Chem Engn, 100 Inst Rd, Goddard Hall 123, Worcester, MA 01609 - USA
[3] Univ Fed Abc, Brazilian Ctr Engn Modeling & Appl Social Sci, Av Estados 5001, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMICAL ENGINEERING; v. 9, n. 4 AUG 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Macauba husks are inedible lignocellulosic wastes obtained after extracting oil from the fruit for biodiesel production. The objective of this study was to valorize macauba husks through subcritical water hydrolysis (SWH) pretreatment followed by anaerobic digestion (PT+AD) in comparison to a control reactor (CR). The semicontinuous parameters were: 10 g of dried husk; flow rate of 10 mL/min at 200 degrees C and 14 MPa and for a total reaction time of 40 min. For AD, mesophilic conditions (35 degrees C) were kept for both experimental trials. For the PT+AD experiment, digestion was performed for 38 days and for 39 days for the CR experiment. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal for the PT+AD reactor was 48% and 43% for CR, indicating the pretreatment improved digestibility of the organic feed. Similarly, the CH4 yield per unit of COD for 590 mL CH4/g COD for the PT+AD experiment compared with 57 mL CH4Y/g COD for the CR experiment. The corresponding biogas yield was 161% greater than in the PT+AD experiment compared with the CR. Energy analysis revealed a corresponding benefit from SWH for production of heat and power, and several recommendations were made for decreasing the heat required by SWH to make the process self-sufficient. Macauba cultivation has promise as an energy crop that can be grown locally in Brazil and similar tropical locations for co-production of biodiesel from the extracted oil and biogas from the husks, thereby avoiding greenhouse gas emissions by replacement of traditional fossil sources. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 20/10323-5 - Avaliação de ciclo de vida e técnico-financeira da integração das tecnologias de digestão anaeróbia e hidrotérmica para reaproveitamento de resíduos
Beneficiário:Luz Selene Buller
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/14938-4 - Waste2energy: integração das tecnologias supercrítica e digestão anaeróbia através de um sistema automatizado para produção de precursores de biocombustíveis
Beneficiário:Tânia Forster Carneiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Jovens Pesquisadores - Fase 2
Processo FAPESP: 18/05999-0 - Waste2energy: integração das tecnologias supercrítica e digestão anaeróbia para gestão de águas e resíduos alimentares
Beneficiário:Tânia Forster Carneiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular