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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Trace element fluxes during the ``Anthropocene{''} in a large South American industrial and port area (Santos and Sao Vicente estuarine system, SE, Brazil)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Friedmann Angeli, Jose Lourenco [1] ; Sartoretto, Julie Rosemberg [1] ; Mi Kim, Bianca Sung [1] ; de Lima Ferreira, Paulo Alves [1] ; de Mahiques, Michel Michaelovitch [1] ; Lopes Figueira, Rubens Cesar [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Pca Oceanog 191, BR-05508120 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT; v. 193, n. 9 SEP 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The worldwide evidence of human activities on the environment led the scientific community to recognize a new geologic time unit known as the ``Anthropocene.{''} Since the twentieth century, urbanization and industrialization needs driven by population and economic growth have impacted several ecosystems including the estuaries. To assess the contamination, provenance, and fluxes of trace elements (As, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, Sc, V, and Zn) over the last century, a geochemical and chemometric technique was employed in sediment cores of an industrial and port region of international importance, the Santos and Sao Vicente Estuarine System (SSVES). The results indicated low contamination, with the highest enrichment factors (EFs) for Cu (EF = 3.1), Pb (EF = 2.7), Zn (EF = 2.4), and As (EF = 2.3) found next to the harbor area. The Pre-industrial records confirm the relatively high concentrations of As and its naturally enriched occurrence on the Brazilian shelf. Sediment accumulation rates and trace element fluxes showed a general increase over the years, since the early 1960s, associated with the ``Great Acceleration{''} of the mid-twentieth century. These alterations are human-induced and include urbanization and industrialization. Nonetheless, as the contents and enrichment of trace elements indicate that the region is not severely polluted, we hypothesize that the contamination in the SSVES is likely related to the drainage and erosion of the urbanized adjacent area, rather than direct disposal of inorganic contaminants from the industrial activity. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/08987-0 - Mudbelts do sul e sudeste do Brasil: um arquivo geoquímico para investigação de impactos antropogênicos
Beneficiário:Bianca Sung Mi Kim
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/50581-4 - Suscetibilidade e resistência de sistemas estuarinos urbanos a mudanças globais: balanço hidro-sedimentar, elevação do nível do mar, resposta a eventos extremos
Beneficiário:Rubens Cesar Lopes Figueira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 09/01211-0 - Histórico da atividade antrópica no Canal da Bertioga-SP: níveis de metais, semimetais e sedimentação recente em colunas sedimentares
Beneficiário:Rubens Cesar Lopes Figueira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular