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Spatial distribution of spectral SST oscillations over the equatorial pacific in the period 1888-2014

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Silva, Carlos Batista [1] ; Silva, Maria Elisa Siqueira [1] ; Ambrizzi, Tercio [2] ; Patucci, Natalia Nunes [1] ; Lima, Bruna Simoes [1] ; Correa, Wesley Campos [3]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Philosophy Letters & Human Sci, Dept Geog, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geophys & Atmospher Sci, Dept Atmospher Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fed Univ Espirito Santo, Ctr Human & Nat Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY; v. 41, n. 7, p. 3841-3864, JUN 15 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

This study identified and analysed the spatial and temporal patterns of spectral oscillation ranges of the monthly sea surface temperature, SST, over the tropical Pacific region, from 1888 to 2014, through wavelet analysis. The strategic steps considered the variance analysis, obtained from the wavelet computation, for each single grid point instead of the analysis of a spatial mean variance, as is commonly done, allowing us to visualize the spatial distribution of SST variance during different time periods. The mean results indicate that lower-frequency oscillations (2-4 and 4-8 years) over the considered area are becoming more intense while higher-frequency oscillations (1-12 months) are becoming less intense through time, which can lead to more persistent climates around the globe. While the 1-2 year oscillations feature the highest positive trend along the equatorial belt over central and eastern locations, the 4-8 year oscillations feature the strongest signal closer to the western South American coast, and the 2-4 year oscillations present positive signals over areas closer to the continental coast and over more distant western locations intercalated by negative signals. Throughout time, the position of the highest EN signals occurs either over central or eastern areas of the equatorial Pacific. The SST variance in the Nino areas mainly oscillates within the 2-4 and 4-8 year spectral ranges. Nino1 + 2 and Nino3 regions, in opposition to Nino3 and Nino3 + 4 regions, present the highest SST variance values for the four considered spectral ranges. The strongest El Nino events present their main oscillations in the 2-4 and 4-8 year spectral ranges, especially in the Nino1 + 2 and Nino3 regions, while weaker El Nino events show more association with the 1-2 year spectral range. Although there are some patterns identified for distinct El Nino/Southern Oscillation, ENSO, intensities and the associated frequency oscillations, the distinct spatial spectral energy distribution over the equatorial areas suggests the importance of the spatial distribution of the spectral energy through time in order to better characterize the ENSO events. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/06654-0 - Geocronologia para avaliação dos processos de capturas fluviais: aplicação em sedimentos dos vales secos do guaratuba (sp)
Beneficiário:Natália Nunes Patucci
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/50848-9 - INCT 2014: INCT para Mudanças Climáticas (INCT-MC)
Beneficiário:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 17/09308-9 - Impacto climático na américa do sul causado pelo desmatamento na amazônia em condições climáticas distintas da oscilação decadal do pacífico
Beneficiário:Maria Elisa Siqueira Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 17/09659-6 - Variabilidade interanual dos transportes meridionais através da rede transatlântica SAMOC (SAMBAR)
Beneficiário:Edmo José Dias Campos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático