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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Early Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder Patients Display Reduced Neural Prepulse Inhibition

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Autor(es):
San-Martin, Rodrigo [1] ; Zimiani, Maria Ines [1] ; de Avila, Milton Augusto Vendramini [2] ; Shuhama, Rosana [2, 3] ; Del-Ben, Cristina Marta [2, 3] ; Menezes, Paulo Rossi [4, 3] ; Fraga, Francisco Jose [5] ; Salum, Cristiane [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed ABC, Ctr Matemat Comp & Cognicao, BR-09606045 Sao Bernardo Do Campo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, BR-14040900 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Populat Mental Hlth Res Ctr, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Dept Prevent Med, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed ABC, Ctr Engn Modelagem & Ciencias Sociais Aplicadas, BR-09210580 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BRAIN SCIENCES; v. 12, n. 1 JAN 2022.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background: Altered sensorimotor gating has been demonstrated by Prepulse Inhibition (PPI) tests in patients with psychosis. Recent advances in signal processing methods allow assessment of neural PPI through electroencephalogram (EEG) recording during acoustic startle response measures (classic muscular PPI). Simultaneous measurements of muscular (eye-blink) and neural gating phenomena during PPI test may help to better understand sensorial processing dysfunctions in psychosis. In this study, we aimed to assess simultaneously muscular and neural PPI in early bipolar disorder and schizophrenia patients. Method: Participants were recruited from a population-based case-control study of first episode psychosis. PPI was measured using electromyography (EMG) and EEG in pulse alone and prepulse + pulse with intervals of 30, 60, and 120 ms in early bipolar disorder (n = 18) and schizophrenia (n = 11) patients. As control group, 15 socio-economically matched healthy subjects were recruited. All subjects were evaluated with Rating Scale, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, and Young Mania Rating Scale questionnaires at recruitment and just before PPI test. Wilcoxon ranked sum tests were used to compare PPI test results between groups. Results: In comparison to healthy participants, neural PPI was significantly reduced in PPI 30 and PPI60 among bipolar and schizophrenia patients, while muscular PPI was reduced in PPI60 and PPI120 intervals only among patients with schizophrenia. Conclusion: The combination of muscular and neural PPI evaluations suggested distinct impairment patterns among schizophrenia and bipolar disorder patients. Simultaneous recording may contribute with novel information in sensory gating investigations. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/05178-0 - Esquizofrenia e outros transtornos psicóticos: determinantes sociais e biológicos
Beneficiário:Paulo Rossi Menezes
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/11167-3 - Interações genético-ambientais na Esquizofrenia e outros transtornos psicóticos
Beneficiário:Rosana Shuhama
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado