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(Referência obtida automaticamente do SciELO, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Long-term measurements of aerosol optical properties and radiative forcing (2011-2017) over Central Amazonia

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Autor(es):
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Rafael da Silva Palácios [1] ; Paulo Artaxo [2] ; Glauber Guimarães Cirino [3] ; Valeria Nakale [4] ; Fernando Gonçalves de Morais [5] ; Lucas Douglas Rothmund [6] ; Marcelo Sacardi Biudes [7] ; Nadja Gomes Machado [8] ; Leone Francisco Amorim Curado [9] ; João Basso Marques [10] ; José de Souza Nogueira [11]
Número total de Autores: 11
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] Federal University of Pará - Brasil
[2] University of São Paulo - Brasil
[3] Federal University of Pará - Brasil
[4] Federal University of Pará - Brasil
[5] University of São Paulo - Brasil
[6] University of Mato Grosso - Brasil
[7] University of Mato Grosso - Brasil
[8] Federal Institute of Mato Grosso - Brasil
[9] University of Mato Grosso - Brasil
[10] University of Mato Grosso - Brasil
[11] University of Mato Grosso - Brasil
Número total de Afiliações: 11
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ATMOSFERA; v. 35, n. 1, p. 143-163, 2022-03-22.
Resumo

ABSTRACT The Amazon region is one of the most pristine continental areas whose concentrations of atmospheric trace gases and aerosol particles are very low, mainly in the wet season. This study provides observational results of aerosol optical and radiative characteristics in situ as well as atmospheric columnar at a pristine forest in Central Amazonia. Spectral variation of the aerosol properties (aerosol optical depth [AOD], single scattering albedo [SSA], and asymmetry parameter [AP]) was evaluated using the AErosol RObotic NETwork (AERONET) data. The SSA values under natural atmospheric column conditions (AERONET) were compared to the SSA values calculated with in situ measurements. The values of shortwave aerosol radiative forcing (SWARF) on top of the atmosphere (TOA) and the surface (SUR) were estimated using the SBDART model and were validated with the AERONET values with regression analysis. SWARF had a high correlation to TOA (0.97) and SUR (0.92), including dry and wet seasons. Monthly, seasonal and annual mean values of SWARFTOA and SWARFSUR were negative while SWARFATM values were positive. SWARFTOA was -9.18 ± 2.80 W m-2 and SWARFSUR was -20.77 ± 5.04 W m-2 in the dry season, inducing a heating rate (HR) of 0.37 ± 0.13 K.day-1. This study showed that, for a long series of measurements, the effects caused by aerosols on the radiative flux in the pristine forest of Central Amazonia were of the order of SWARFTOA of -3.66 ± 1.59 W m-2 and SWARFSUR of -11.86 ± 2.35 W m-2 during the wet season. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/58100-2 - Aeroclima: efeitos diretos e indiretos de aerossóis no clima da Amazônia e Pantanal
Beneficiário:Paulo Eduardo Artaxo Netto
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/05014-0 - GoAmazon: interação da pluma urbana de Manaus com emissões biogênicas da Floresta Amazônica
Beneficiário:Paulo Eduardo Artaxo Netto
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático