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Population Histories and Genomic Diversity of South American Natives

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Castro e Silva, Marcos Araujo ; Ferraz, Tiago ; Couto-Silva, Caina M. ; Lemes, Renan B. ; Nunes, Kelly ; Comas, David ; Hunemeier, Tabita
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Molecular Biology and Evolution; v. 39, n. 1, p. 17-pg., 2021-12-21.

South America is home to one of the most culturally diverse present-day native populations. However, the dispersion pattern, genetic substructure, and demographic complexity within South America are still poorly understood. Based on genome-wide data of 58 native populations, we provide a comprehensive scenario of South American indigenous groups considering the genomic, environmental, and linguistic data. Clear patterns of genetic structure were inferred among the South American natives, presenting at least four primary genetic clusters in the Amazonian and savanna regions and three clusters in the Andes and Pacific coast. We detected a cline of genetic variation along a west-east axis, contradicting a hard Andes-Amazon divide. This longitudinal genetic variation seemed to have been shaped by both serial population bottlenecks and isolation by distance. Results indicated that present-day South American substructures recapitulate ancient macroregional ancestries and western Amazonia groups show genetic evidence of cultural exchanges that led to language replacement in precontact times. Finally, demographic inferences pointed to a higher resilience of the western South American groups regarding population collapses caused by the European invasion and indicated precontact population reductions and demic expansions in South America. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/26875-9 - Diversidade genômica dos nativos americanos
Beneficiário:Tábita Hünemeier
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 20/10136-0 - Variabilidade genômica de nativos americanos e sua possível influência na resposta à patógenos
Beneficiário:Renan Barbosa Lemes
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 17/14916-8 - Influência da seleção natural na diversificação das populações nativas americanas
Beneficiário:Cainã Max Couto da Silva
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/12371-1 - Reconstruindo a história humana na América do Sul com dados paleogenômicos
Beneficiário:Tiago Ferraz da Silva
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado