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A New Approach to Evaluate Neuromuscular Fatigue of Extensor Elbow Muscles

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Autor(es):
Norberto, Matheus Silva ; de Arruda, Tarine Botta ; Papoti, Marcelo
Número total de Autores: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY; v. 11, p. 12-pg., 2020-09-23.
Resumo

Neuromuscular fatigue evaluation is widely performed on different muscles through the conventional protocol using maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) with electrical stimuli in the analyzed muscle. In an attempt to use this protocol on elbow extensor musculature, previous studies and pilot studies showed co-contraction effects from antagonist musculature during muscular stimulations. The aim of this study was to propose a new neuromuscular fatigue protocol evaluation on elbow extensor musculature. Twenty participants preformed exercises to induce central (CenFat) and peripheral fatigue (PerFat). Neuromuscular fatigue was evaluated on knee extensor muscles by a conventional protocol that provides Twitch Superimposed (TSK) and Twitch Potentiated (TPK), central and peripheral parameters respectively. For elbow extensor muscles, the protocol used sustained submaximal contraction at 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50% of MVC. The neuromuscular fatigue in upper limbs was identified by Twitch Potentiated (TPE) and multiple Twitch Superimposed (TSE) parameters. Using the relationship between MVC (%) and evoked force, the proposed protocol used several TS(E)to provide slope, y-intercept andR(2). It is proposed that slope,R-2, and y-intercept change may indicate peripheral fatigue and the identified relationship between y-intercept andR(2)may indicate central fatigue or both peripheral and central fatigue. The results were compared using the non-parametric analyzes of Friedmann and Wilcoxon and their possible correlations were verified by the Spearmann test (significance level set atp< 0.05). After PerFat a decrease in TPE(57.1%,p< 0.001) was found but not in any TSE, indicating only peripheral fatigue in upper limbs. After CenFat a decrease in TPE(21.4%,p: 0.008) and TPK(20.9%,p< 0.001) were found but not in TSK, indicating peripheral fatigue in upper and lower limbs but not central fatigue. A non-significant increase of 15.3% after CenFat and a statistical reduction (80.1%,p: 0.001) after PerFat were found by slope. DespiteR(2)showing differences after both exercises (p< 0.05), it showed a recovery behavior after CenFat (p: 0.016). Although PerFat provided only peripheral fatigue, CenFat did not provide central fatigue. Considering the procedural limitations of CenFat, parameters resulting from the proposed protocol are sensitive to neuromuscular alteration, however, further studies are required. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/12781-5 - Adaptações metabólicas, hematológicas e neuromusculares provenientes do treinamento "dormir alto e treinar baixo", seguido de um período de polimento: um estudo duplo-cego e randomizado.
Beneficiário:Marcelo Papoti
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/10029-4 - Proposta de um modelo híbrido de potencialização pós-ativação para a melhora do desempenho de nadadores velocistas
Beneficiário:Tarine Botta de Arruda
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 15/24833-7 - Dinâmica de recuperação dos parâmetros bioquímicos e de fadiga após realização de diferentes modelos de jogos reduzidos em jogadoras de futebol
Beneficiário:Rafaela Bevilaqua Mascarin
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado