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A NEW NANOID TITANOSAUR (DINOSAURIA: SAUROPODA) FROM THE UPPER CRETACEOUS OF BRAZIL

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Navarro, Bruno A. ; Ghilard, Aline M. ; Aureliano, Tito ; Diaz, Veronica Diez ; Bandeira, Kamila L. N. ; Cattaruzzi, Andre G. S. ; Iori, Fabiano, V ; Martine, Ariel M. ; Carvalho, Alberto B. ; Anelli, Luiz E. ; Fernandes, Marcelo A. ; Zaher, Hussam
Número total de Autores: 12
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AMEGHINIANA; v. 59, n. 5, p. 38-pg., 2022-09-01.
Resumo

Titanosaurian sauropods are known to exhibit remarkable body size disparity, with some taxa famed for nearing the zenith of terrestrial vertebrate body size. Here, we describe a new titanosaurian - Ibirania parva gen. et sp. nov. - from the Upper Cretaceous (Santonian-Campanian) Sao Jose do Rio Preto Formation of Bauru Basin, in which represents one of the smallest sauropods known to date. The new taxon is diagnosed by seven autapomorphies and had an estimated body length of 5.7 m. Histological and mu CT scan analyses showed that this new taxon is represented by skeletally mature individuals, which had attained somatic maturity prior to death. Phylogenetic analyses recovered the new taxon deeply nested within Saltasaurinae, a clade previously known by small-sized forms. Ibirania parva gen. et sp. nov. brings new information indicating that the body size reduction in some titanosaurians could be driven by recurrent ecophysiographical settings, present in South America prior to the diversity peak attained by the group during the Campanian-Maastrichtian. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50206-9 - Origem e evolução das serpentes e a sua diversificação na região neotropical: uma abordagem multidisciplinar
Beneficiário:Hussam El Dine Zaher
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático