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Rational engineering of industrial S. cerevisiae: towards xylitol production from sugarcane straw

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Bezerra de Mello, Fellipe da Silveira ; Maneira, Carla ; Lizarazo Suarez, Frank Uriel ; Nagamatsu, Sheila ; Vargas, Beatriz ; Vieira, Carla ; Secches, Thais ; Coradini, Alessando L., V ; de Carvalho Silvello, Maria Augusta ; Goldbeck, Rosana ; Guimaraes Pereira, Goncalo Amarante ; Teixeira, Gleidson Silva
Número total de Autores: 12
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF GENETIC ENGINEERING AND BIOTECHNOLOGY; v. 20, n. 1, p. 16-pg., 2022-05-25.

Background Sugarcane hemicellulosic material is a compelling source of usually neglected xylose that could figure as feedstock to produce chemical building blocks of high economic value, such as xylitol. In this context, Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains typically used in the Brazilian bioethanol industry are a robust chassis for genetic engineering, given their robustness towards harsh operational conditions and outstanding fermentation performance. Nevertheless, there are no reports on the use of these strains for xylitol production using sugarcane hydrolysate. Results Potential single-guided RNA off-targets were analyzed in two preeminent industrial strains (PE-2 and SA-1), providing a database of 5 '-NGG 20 nucleotide sequences and guidelines for the fast and cost-effective CRISPR editing of such strains. After genomic integration of a NADPH-preferring xylose reductase (XR), FMYX (SA-1 ho Delta::xyl1) and CENPKX (CEN.PK-122 ho Delta::xyl1) were tested in varying cultivation conditions for xylitol productivity to infer influence of the genetic background. Near-theoretical yields were achieved for all strains; however, the industrial consistently outperformed the laboratory strain. Batch fermentation of raw sugarcane straw hydrolysate with remaining solid particles represented a challenge for xylose metabolization, and 3.65 +/- 0.16 g/L xylitol titer was achieved by FMYX. Finally, quantification of NADPH - cofactor implied in XR activity - revealed that FMYX has 33% more available cofactors than CENPKX. Conclusions Although widely used in several S. cerevisiae strains, this is the first report of CRISPR-Cas9 editing major yeast of the Brazilian bioethanol industry. Fermentative assays of xylose consumption revealed that NADPH availability is closely related to mutant strains' performance. We also pioneer the use of sugarcane straw as a substrate for xylitol production. Finally, we demonstrate how industrial background SA-1 is a compelling chassis for the second-generation industry, given its inhibitor tolerance and better redox environment that may favor production of reduced sugars. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/06677-8 - Engenharia metabólica e identificação de QTLs relacionados à tolerância ao HMF em Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Beneficiário:Fellipe da Silveira Bezerra de Mello
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 18/03403-2 - Engenharia metabólica de linhagens selvagens de Saccharomyces cerevisiae utilizando o sistema CRISPR/Cas9
Beneficiário:Carla Maneira da Silva
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 16/02506-7 - Desenvolvimento de métodos high-throughput para o estudo de quantitative traits loci relacionados à robustez de leveduras industriais (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Beneficiário:Gleidson Silva Teixeira
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Regular