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Sex recognition does not modulate aggression toward nest intruders in a paper wasp

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de Souza, Andre Rodrigues ; Franca, Wilson ; Prato, Amanda ; do Nascimento, Fabio Santos ; Brown, Grant
Número total de Autores: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CURRENT ZOOLOGY; v. N/A, p. 8-pg., 2022-07-04.

During social interactions, the behavior of an individual often depends on the sex of its social partner. Many animal societies have males and females that play very different behavioral roles, although they coexist and interact non-sexually. At specific phases of the colony cycle, social wasp females and males are contemporaries within a nest, they often interact, although mating occurs mostly off the nest, therefore providing an opportunity to test sex discrimination in contexts other than classical sexual ones. We performed a lure presentation experiment to test if Mischocyttarus metathoracicus discriminate between conspecifics of the 2 sexes during on-nest social interactions. Female wasps discriminated conspecific sex during experimentally simulated nest intrusions. Visual and chemical cues may account for this sex discrimination. Despite sex discrimination (evidenced by differential inspective behavior from the nest females toward the female and the male lures), female wasps were as aggressive toward lures of both sexes. In the female-dominated hymenopteran societies, males are often subordinate and not aggressive on nest, resulting in females directing less aggression to them compared to other females. Instead, M. metathoracicus males and females are both aggressive toward nestmates, so they might be perceived as similar threat during on-nest social interactions. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 20/14464-2 - Seleção sexual em vespas sociais neotropicais
Beneficiário:André Rodrigues de Souza
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 18/10996-0 - Evo-Devo perspectiva sobre a divisão reprodutiva do trabalho em vespas
Beneficiário:Fábio Santos do Nascimento
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 19/08029-4 - Análise das redes de dominância e atividade colonial em Mischocyttarus metathoracicus (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)
Beneficiário:Wilson França de Oliveira Neto
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado