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Pervasive impacts of climate change on the woodiness and ecological generalism of dry forest plant assemblages

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Autor(es):
Moura, Mario R. ; do Nascimento, Fellipe A. O. ; Paolucci, Lucas N. ; Silva, Daniel P. ; Santos, Braulio A.
Número total de Autores: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY; v. 111, n. 8, p. 15-pg., 2023-06-26.
Resumo

Climate emergency is a significant threat to biodiversity in the 21st century, but species will not be equally affected. In summing up the responses of different species at the local scale, we can assess changes in the species quantity and composition of biotic assemblages. We used more than 420K curated occurrence records of 3060 plant species to model current and future patterns of plant species distribution in one of the world's largest tropical dry forests-the Caatinga. While allowing different model extrapolation scenarios, we estimated potential changes in the species richness and composition of dryland plant assemblages in response to projected climate change, and assessed how the ecological generalism and woodiness of plant assemblages can be impacted by the climate crisis. More than 99% of plant assemblages were projected to lose species by 2060, with biotic homogenisation-the decrease in spatial beta diversity-forecasted in 40% of the Caatinga. The replacement of narrow-range woody species by wide-range non-woody ones should impact at least 90% of Caatinga plant assemblages. The exacerbated species loss in the dryland plant assemblages was connected to the heterogenisation and homogenisation of biotic assemblages. Still, the magnitude of climate change impacts on ecological generalism and woodiness patterns of dryland plant assemblages differ according to the direction of the biotic change process. Synthesis. The future increase in aridity will change the patterns of woodiness and ecological generalism of tropical dry forest plant assemblages by decreasing vegetation diversity and complexity. The projected biotic changes in dryland plant assemblages indicate the erosion of ecosystem services linked to biomass productivity and carbon storage. We highlight the importance of long-term conservation planning for maintaining tropical dry forests. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 22/12231-6 - Megadados & conservação da biodiversidade: avaliando o impacto do acúmulo de conhecimento da biodiversidade sobre o planejamento da conservação
Beneficiário:Mario Ribeiro de Moura
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 21/11840-6 - Megadados & conservação da biodiversidade: avaliando o impacto do acúmulo de conhecimento da biodiversidade sobre o planejamento da conservação
Beneficiário:Mario Ribeiro de Moura
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Jovens Pesquisadores