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Autoantibodies targeting G protein-coupled receptors: An evolving history in autoimmunity. Report of the 4th international symposium

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Cabral-Marques, Otavio ; Moll, Guido ; Catar, Rusan ; Preuss, Beate ; Bankamp, Lukas ; Pecher, Ann-Christin ; Henes, Joerg ; Klein, Reinhild ; Kamalanathan, A. S. ; Akbarzadeh, Reza ; van Oostveen, Wieke ; Hohberger, Bettina ; Endres, Matthias ; Koolmoes, Bryan ; Levarht, Nivine ; Postma, Rudmer ; van Duinen, Vincent ; van Zonneveld, Anton Jan ; de Vries-Bouwstra, Jeska ; Fehres, Cynthia ; Tran, Florian ; Nery do Vale, Fernando Yuri ; da Silva Souza, Kamilla Batista ; Filgueiras, Igor Salerno ; Schimke, Lena F. ; Baiocchi, Gabriela Crispim ; de Miranda, Gustavo Cabral ; Mathias da Fonseca, Dennyson Leandro ; Freire, Paula Paccielli ; Hackel, Alexander M. ; Grasshoff, Hanna ; Stahle, Anja ; Mueller, Antje ; Dechend, Ralf ; Yu, Xinhua ; Petersen, Frank ; Sotzny, Franziska ; Sakmar, Thomas P. ; Ochs, Hans D. ; Schulze-Forster, Kai ; Heidecke, Harald ; Scheibenbogen, Carmen ; Shoenfeld, Yehuda ; Riemekasten, Gabriela
Número total de Autores: 44
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AUTOIMMUNITY REVIEWS; v. 22, n. 5, p. 14-pg., 2023-03-14.
Resumo

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) are involved in various physiological and pathophysiological processes. Functional autoantibodies targeting GPCRs have been associated with multiple disease manifestations in this context. Here we summarize and discuss the relevant findings and concepts presented in the biennial Interna-tional Meeting on autoantibodies targeting GPCRs (the 4th Symposium), held in Lubeck, Germany, 15-16 September 2022. The symposium focused on the current knowledge of these autoantibodies' role in various diseases, such as cardiovascular, renal, infectious (COVID-19), and autoimmune diseases (e.g., systemic sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus). Beyond their association with disease phenotypes, intense research related to the mechanistic action of these autoantibodies on immune regulation and pathogenesis has been developed, underscoring the role of autoantibodies targeting GPCRs on disease outcomes and etiopathogenesis. The observation repeatedly highlighted that autoantibodies targeting GPCRs could also be present in healthy in-dividuals, suggesting that anti-GPCR autoantibodies play a physiologic role in modeling the course of diseases. Since numerous therapies targeting GPCRs have been developed, including small molecules and monoclonal antibodies designed for treating cancer, infections, metabolic disorders, or inflammatory conditions, anti-GPCR autoantibodies themselves can serve as therapeutic targets to reduce patients' morbidity and mortality, repre-senting a new area for the development of novel therapeutic interventions. (AU)

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