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Quality Attributes and Metabolic Profiles of Uvaia (Eugenia pyriformis), a Native Brazilian Atlantic Forest Fruit

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Autor(es):
Spricigo, Poliana Cristina ; Almeida, Luisa Souza ; Ribeiro, Gabriel Henrique ; Correia, Banny Silva Barbosa ; Taver, Isabela Barroso ; Jacomino, Angelo Pedro ; Colnago, Luiz Alberto
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FOODS; v. 12, n. 9, p. 17-pg., 2023-05-03.
Resumo

The uvaia is a native Brazilian Atlantic Forest Myrtaceae fruit with a soft pulp, ranging from yellow to orange, with a sweet acidic flavor and sweet fruity aroma. Uvaias present consumption potential, but their physicochemical characteristics are still understudied. In this context, we describe herein the metabolites of uvaia that have been determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. We screened 41 accessions and selected 10 accessions based on their diversity of physicochemical attributes, i.e., their fresh mass, height, diameter, yield, seed mass, total soluble solids, and titratable acidity. Twenty-six metabolites were identified, including sugars, acids, and amino acids. The results of this study comprise the most complete report on sugars and acids in uvaias. The relevant metabolites in terms of abundance were the reducing sugars glucose and fructose, as well as malic and citric acids. Furthermore, this study represents the first description of the uvaia amino acid profile and an outline of its metabolic pathways. Uvaia quality attributes differ among accessions, demonstrating high variability, diversity, and several possibilities in different economic areas. Our findings may help in future breeding programs in the selection of plant material for industries such as food and pharmaceuticals. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/12606-3 - Frutas da Mata Atlântica potencialmente funcionais: caracterização, multiplicação de plantas e conservação pós-colheita
Beneficiário:Angelo Pedro Jacomino
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 22/08585-7 - Composição gasosa na conservação de uvaia: efeitos no perfil de compostos bioativos e atividade antioxidante
Beneficiário:Isabela Barroso Taver
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/00927-0 - Qualidade de frutos provenientes de plantas selecionadas de cambuci, uvaia, grumixama e cereja do Rio-Grande.
Beneficiário:Poliana Cristina Spricigo
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 21/12694-3 - Aplicações das espectroscopias de RMN e infravermelho na análise não-destrutiva de produtos e processos agroindustriais
Beneficiário:Luiz Alberto Colnago
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular