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Tailoring the Bactericidal Activity of Ag Nanoparticles/alpha-Ag2WO4 Composite Induced by Electron Beam and Femtosecond Laser Irradiation: Integration of Experiment and Computational Modeling

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Macedo, Nadia G. ; Machado, Thales R. ; Roca, Roman A. ; Assis, Marcelo ; Foggi, Camila Cristina ; Puerto-Belda, Veronica ; Minguez-Vega, Gladys ; Rodrigues, Andre ; San-Miguel, Miguel A. ; Cordoncillo, Eloisa ; Beltran-Mir, Hector ; Andres, Juan ; Longo, Elson
Número total de Autores: 13
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ACS APPLIED BIO MATERIALS; v. 2, n. 2, p. 14-pg., 2019-02-18.

In nanotechnology research, significant effort is devoted to fabricating patterns of metallic nanoparticles on the surfaces of different semiconductors to find innovative materials with favorable characteristics, such as antimicrobial and photocatalytic properties, for novel applications. We present experimental and computational progress, involving a combined approach, on the antimicrobial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) of as-synthesized alpha-Ag2WO4 samples and Ag nanoparticle composites (Ag NPs)/alpha-Ag2WO4. The former included two morphologies: hexagonal rodlike (alpha-Ag2WO4-R) and cuboid-like (alpha-Ag2WO4-C), and the latter included composites formed under electron beam, Ag NPs/alpha-Ag2WO4-RE and Ag NPs/alpha-Ag2WO4-CE, and femtosecond (fs) laser irradiation, Ag NPs/alpha-Ag2WO4-RL and Ag NPs/alpha-Ag2WO4CL. Direct observations of the arrangement of Ag NPs on the Ag NPs/alpha-Ag2WO4 composites irradiated with an electron beam and laser, through transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution TEM, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and field-emission scanning electron microscopy, allow us to investigate the surface morphology, chemical composition, homogeneity, and crystallinity. Therefore, these experimental factors, and in particular, the facet-dependent response of Ag NPs/alpha-Ag2WO4 composites were discussed and analyzed from the perspective provided by the results obtained by first-principles calculations. On this basis, alpha-Ag2WO4-R material proved to be a better bactericidal agent than alpha-Ag2WO4-C with minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) values of 128 and 256 mu g/mL, respectively. However, the Ag NPs/alpha-Ag2WO4-CL composite is the most efficient bactericidal agent of all tested samples (MBC = 4 mu g/mL). This superior performance can be attributed to the cooperative effects of crystal facets and defect engineering. These results on the synthesis and stability of the Ag NPs/alpha-Ag2WO4 composites can be used for the development of highly efficient bactericidal agents for use in environmental remediation and the potential extension of methods to produce materials with catalytic applications. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/23891-6 - Modelagem computacional da matéria condensada
Beneficiário:Alex Antonelli
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 17/19548-7 - CDMF - Centro de Desenvolvimento de Materiais Funcionais
Beneficiário:Román Alvarez Roca
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/07296-2 - CDMF - Centro de Desenvolvimento de Materiais Funcionais
Beneficiário:Elson Longo da Silva
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 15/19709-5 - Estudos teóricos sobre a formação de nanoestruturas de prata metálica mediante irradiação eletrônica em óxidos metálicos ternários
Beneficiário:Miguel Angel San Miguel Barrera
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 17/12594-3 - CDMF - Centro de Desenvolvimento de Materiais Funcionais
Beneficiário:Camila Cristina de Foggi
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado