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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Density and Spatial Distribution of Buffy-tufted-ear Marmosets (Callithrix aurita) in a Continuous Atlantic Forest

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Autor(es):
Norris, Darren [1] ; Rocha-Mendes, Fabiana [1, 2] ; Marques, Renato [1] ; Nobre, Rodrigo de Almeida [1] ; Galetti, Mauro [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Dept Ecol, Lab Biol Conservacao, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Neotrop Pesquisa & Conservacao, BR-81531980 Curitiba, PR - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY; v. 32, n. 4, p. 811-829, AUG 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

The continued degradation of forest habitats and isolation of fragmented populations means that the conservation of endemic marmosets in the Brazilian Atlantic forest depends on human interventions including legal protection. Population monitoring is required to ensure effective management and appropriate allocation of conservation resources; however, deriving estimates of population metrics such as density within heterogeneous environments is challenging. We aimed to quantify the population density and spatial distribution of buffy-tufted-ear marmosets (Callithrix aurita) in the northern region of Serra-do-Mar State Park. We incorporated habitat suitability as quantified by a niche modeling algorithm (MAXENT) to refine density estimates obtained via distance methods. We used 6 environmental predictors to model the distribution of Callithrix aurita and used the resulting MAXENT niche model to identify environmental conditions that represent suitable habitat for this species. We used 877.7 km of line transect surveys and distance methods to derive estimates of 2.19 groups or 7.55 individuals/km(2) from direct observations (n = 40), providing an overall population estimate of 1892 (95% CI = 1155-3068) individuals in 250.7 km(2) of Atlantic forest. Our refined density estimate, obtained by combining distance methods and a niche model, yielded a result of 1386 individuals. Suitable habitat was not uniformly distributed across the study area and was most strongly associated with altitude and the type of vegetation cover. We provide a review of previous surveys and find this is the largest known population of Callithrix aurita. Our refinement of density estimates provides a simple and informative addition to the primatologist's toolbox. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 01/14463-5 - Diagnóstico das populações de aves e mamíferos cinegéticos nas unidades de conservação da Mata Atlântica de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Mauro Galetti Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 07/00613-1 - Efeitos da defaunação na herbivoria, pisoteio de plântulas, remoção e predação de sementes na Floresta Atlântica
Beneficiário:Fabiana Rocha Mendes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 07/03392-6 - Efeitos de um gradiente de defaunação na herbivoria, predação e dispersão de sementes: uma perspectiva na Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Mauro Galetti Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático