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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Genotoxicity, cytotoxicity and gene expression in patients undergoing elective surgery under isoflurane anaesthesia

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Braz, Mariana Gobbo [1] ; Mazoti, Marina Azer [1] ; Giacobino, Juliana [1] ; Braz, Leandro Gobbo [2] ; Golim, Marjorie de Assis [3] ; Ferrasi, Adriana Camargo [3] ; de Carvalho, Lidia Raquel [4] ; Cerqueira Braz, Jose Reinaldo [2] ; Favero Salvadori, Daisy Maria [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Pathol, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Anesthesiol, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Ctr Blood, Fac Med Botucatu, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[4] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias Botucatu, Dept Bioestat, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MUTAGENESIS; v. 26, n. 3, p. 415-420, MAY 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 20
Resumo

There are numerous studies reporting on the effects of inhalation anaesthesia in cells of exposed individuals but not much is known about the ability of isoflurane (ISF) to induce oxidative DNA damage. However, surgery is often associated with a temporary perioperative immunological alteration, and some volatile anaesthetics seem to contribute to a transient lymphocytopenia after surgery. We conducted a study to evaluate a possible genotoxic effect, including oxidative DNA damage, and apoptosis in peripheral lymphocytes of 20 patients American Society of Anaesthesiologists physical status I undergoing minor elective surgery lasting at least 120 min, under anaesthesia with ISF. We also investigated the expression of several genes in blood cells. Blood samples were collected at three time points: before anaesthesia (T(1)), 2 h after the beginning of anaesthesia (T(2)) and on the first post-operative day (T(3)). General DNA damage and oxidised bases (Fpg and endo III-sites) in blood lymphocytes were evaluated using the comet assay. Lymphocytes were phenotyped and apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry. In addition, expressions of hOGG1 and XRCC1, genes involved in DNA repair, and BCL2, a gene related to apoptosis, were assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results showed no statistically significant difference in the level of DNA damage and oxidised bases among the three sampling times. Anaesthesia with ISF did not increase the percentage of cells in early or late apoptosis in cytotoxic or helper T lymphocytes. Lower hOGG1 and BCL2 expressions were detected at T3 in comparison to the other two previous time points, and there was significantly lower expression of XRCC1 at T3 in relation to T2. In conclusion, the exposure to ISF did not result in genotoxicity and cytotoxicity in lymphocytes and in toxicogenomic effect in leukocytes, although DNA repair and apoptosis-related genes were down-regulated on the first post-operative day. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/59625-6 - Potencial toxicogenomico, citotoxico e imunotoxico dos anestesicos propofol e isoflurano em individuos submetidos a procedimentos cirurgicos.
Beneficiário:Daisy Maria Favero Salvadori
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 06/58847-5 - Potencial toxicogenomico e citotoxico dos anestesicos propofol e isoflurano em individuos submetidos a procedimentos cirurgicos.
Beneficiário:Mariana Gobbo Braz
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado