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Relation between sedimentary framework and hydrogeology in the Guarani Aquifer System in Sao Paulo state, Brazil

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Hirata, Ricardo [1] ; Gesicki, Ana [2] ; Sracek, Ondra [3, 4] ; Bertolo, Reginaldo [1] ; Giannini, Paulo Cesar ; Aravena, Ramon [5]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geosci, Lab Phys Models LAMO CEPAS, BR-05508080 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Natl Dept Mineral Prod DNPM, BR-04040000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Palacky Univ, Fac Sci, Dep Geol, Olomouc 77146 - Czech Republic
[4] Protect Groundwater Ltd, OPV Sro, Prague 16900 6 - Czech Republic
[5] Univ Waterloo, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1 - Canada
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of South American Earth Sciences; v. 31, n. 4, p. 444-456, APR 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 20

This paper presents the results of a new investigation of the Guarani Aquifer System (SAG) in Sao Paulo state. New data were acquired about sedimentary framework, flow pattern, and hydrogeochemistry. The flow direction in the north of the state is towards the southwest and not towards the west as expected previously. This is linked to the absence of SAG outcrop in the northeast of Sao Paulo state. Both the underlying Piramboia Formation and the overlying Botucatu Formation possess high porosity (18.9% and 19.5%, respectively), which was not modified significantly by diagenetic changes. Investigation of sediments confirmed a zone of chalcedony cement close to the SAG outcrop and a zone of calcite cement in the deep confined zone. The main events in the SAG post-sedimentary history were: (1) adhesion of ferrugineous coatings on grains, (2) infiltration of clays in eodiagenetic stage, (3) regeneration of coatings with formation of smectites, (4) authigenic overgrowth of quartz and K-feldspar in advanced eodiagenetic stage, (5) bitumen cementation of Piramboia Formation in mesodiagenetic stage, (6) cementation by calcite in mesodiagenetic and telodiagenetic stages in Piramboia Formation, (7) formation of secondary porosity by dissolution of unstable minerals after appearance of hydraulic gradient and penetration of the meteoric water caused by the uplift of the Serra do Mar coastal range in the Late Cretaceous, (8) authigenesis of kaolinite and amorphous silica in unconfined zone of the SAG and cation exchange coupled with the dissolution of calcite at the transition between unconfined and confined zone, and (9) authigenesis of analcime in the confined SAG zone. The last two processes are still under operation. The deep zone of the SAG comprises an alkaline pH, Na-HCO(3) groundwater type with old water and enriched delta(13)C values (<-3.9), which evolved from a neutral pH, Ca-HCO(3) groundwater type with young water and depleted delta(13)C values (>-18.8) close to the SAG outcrop. This is consistent with a conceptual geochemical model of the SAG, suggesting dissolution of calcite driven by cation exchange, which occurs at a relatively narrow front recently moving downgradient at much slower rate compared to groundwater flow. More depleted values of delta(18)O in the deep confined zone close to the Parana River compared to values of relative recent recharged water indicate recharge occur during a period of cold climate. The SAG is a ``storage-dominated{''} type of aquifer which has to be managed properly to avoid its overexploitation. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/08911-0 - Evolução diagenética das formações Piramboia e Botucatu: influência na hidráulica e na hidroquímica do Sistema Aquífero Guarani (SAG) no Estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Paulo César Fonseca Giannini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular