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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Leaf paraheliotropism in Styrax camporum confers increased light use efficiency and advantageous photosynthetic responses rather than photoprotection

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Autor(es):
Habermann, Gustavo [1] ; Ellsworth, Patricia F. V. [2] ; Cazoto, Juliana L. [3] ; Feistler, Aline M. [1] ; da Silva, Leandro [4] ; Donatti, Dario A. [5] ; Machado, Silvia R. [6]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Dept Bot, IB, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Miami, Dept Biol, Coral Gables, FL 33124 - USA
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Dept Biol Vegetal, IB, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Inst Agron Campinas, Ctr Ecofisiol & Biofis, BR-13001970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Dept Fis, IGCE, BR-13506900 Rio Carlo, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Dept Bot, IB, BR-18618000 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ENVIRONMENTAL AND EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY; v. 71, n. 1, p. 10-17, APR 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

Styrax caporum is a native shrub from the Brazilian savanna. Most of its leaves are diaheliotropic, whereas some are paraheliotropic, mainly at noon. A previous study of this species revealed higher stomatal conductance (gs) and transpiration rates (E) in para- compared to diaheliotropic leaves, and a rise in CO(2) assimilation rates (A) with an increase of irradiance for paraheliotropic leaves. We hypothesized that this species exploits the paraheliotropism to enhance the light use efficiency, and that it is detected only if gas exchange is measured with light interception by both leaf surfaces. Gas exchange was measured with devices that enabled light interception on only one of the leaf surfaces and with devices that enabled light interception by both leaf surfaces. Water relations, relative reflected light intensity, leaf temperature (T(l)), and leaf anatomical analyses were also performed. When both leaf surfaces were illuminated, a higher A. E, and gs were observed in para- compared to diaheliotropic leaves; however, A did not depend on gs, which did not influence CO(2) accumulation in the stomatal cavity (Ci). When only the adaxial leaf surface was illuminated, a greater A was detected for para- than for diaheliotropic leaves only at 11:00 h; no differences in T(l) were observed between leaf types. Light curves revealed that under non-saturating light the adaxial side of paraheliotropic leaves had higher A than the abaxial side, but they showed similar values under saturating light. Although the abaxial leaf side was highly reflective, both surfaces presented the same response pattern for green light reflection, which can be explained by the compact spongy parenchyma observed in the leaves, increasing light use efficiency in terms of CO(2) consumption for paraheliotropic leaves. We propose that paraheliotropism in S. camporum is not related to leaf heat avoidance or photoprotection. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/01125-8 - Trocas gasosas e sistema de resposta antioxidativo em duas espécies congêneres de Styrax, correntes em formações vegetais com distintas disponibilidades hídricas
Beneficiário:Patricia Fernandes Vendramini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 06/01180-9 - Estudo sazonal de variáveis ecofisiológicas de duas espécies congêneres de Styrax sp ocorrentes em ambientes com diferente disponibilidade hídrica
Beneficiário:Juliana Lacorte Cazoto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 09/04007-4 - Respostas de trocas gasosas e fluorescência da clorofila A em folhas paraheliotrópicas de Styrax camporum Pohl. submetida à deficiência hídrica
Beneficiário:Aline Mariani Feistler
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado