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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Dipeptidyl peptidase IV in the hypothalamus and hippocampus of monosodium glutamate obese and food-deprived rats

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Alponti, Rafaela Fadoni [1, 2] ; Frezzatti, Rodrigo [1] ; Barone, Juliana Marton [1] ; Alegre, Valter de Sousa [1] ; Silveira, Paulo Flavio [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Butantan, Pharmacol Lab, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Neurosci & Behav, BR-05508030 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: METABOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL; v. 60, n. 2, p. 234-242, FEB 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

Proline-specific dipeptidyl peptidases are emerging as a protease family with important roles in the regulation of signaling by peptide hormones related to energy balance. The treatment of neonatal rats with monosodium glutamate (MSG) is known to produce a selective damage on the arcuate nucleus with development of obesity. This study investigates the relationship among dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV) hydrolyzing activity, CD26 protein, fasting, and MSG model of obesity in 2 areas of the central nervous system. Dipeptidyl peptidase IV and CD26 were, respectively, evaluated by fluorometry, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction in soluble (SF) and membrane-bound (MF) fractions from the hypothalamus and hippocampus of MSG-treated and normal rats, submitted or not to food deprivation (FD). Dipeptidyl peptidase IV in both areas was distinguished kinetically as insensitive (DI) and sensitive (DS) to diprotin A. Compared with the controls, MSG and/or FD decreased the activity of DPPIV-DI in the SF and MF from the hypothalamus, as well as the activity of DPPIV-DS in the SF from the hypothalamus and in the MF from the hippocampus. Monosodium glutamate and/or FD increased the activity of DPPIV-DI in the MF from the hippocampus. The monoclonal protein expression of membrane CD26 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay decreased in the hypothalamus and increased in the hippocampus of MSG and/or FD relative to the controls. The existence of DPPIV-like activity with different sensitivities to diprotin A and the identity of insensitive with CD26 were demonstrated for the first time in the central nervous system. Data also demonstrated the involvement of DPPIV-DI/CD26 hydrolyzing activity in the energy balance probably through the regulation of neuropeptide Y and beta-endorphin levels in the hypothalamus and hippocampus. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 05/04699-2 - Aminopeptidase neutra (APN/CD13), prolil dipeptidil aminopeptidase IV (DPPIV/CD26) e C-FOS no hipotálamo e hipocampo de ratos privados de alimento e com obesidade induzida por glutamato monosódico
Beneficiário:Paulo Flávio Silveira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular