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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Diet and food selection by small mammals in an old-growth Atlantic forest of south-eastern Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Pinotti, Bruno T. [1] ; Naxara, Laura [2] ; Pardini, Renata [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment; v. 46, n. 1, p. 1-9, 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

Here we describe the stomach contents of nine small mammal species (seven rodents and two didelphid marsupials) co-occurring in an old-growth Atlantic forest area. For four terrestrial rodents, we also compared the importance of arthropods in the diet and the selection of arthropod groups by comparing consumption with availability. Small mammals and arthropods were sampled in a 36-ha grid containing 25 sampling stations spaced every 150 m, and 47 stomach contents were analysed. While plant matter was the predominant item in the stomach contents of two rodents (Oligoryzomys nigripes and Rhipidomys mastacalis), four species presented arthropods as the main food item (the rodents Brucepattersonius soricinus and Oxymycterus dasytrichus, and the marsupials Monodelphis n. sp. and Marmosops incanus) and three consumed more plant matter than arthropods, but had significant amounts of both items (the rodents Delomys sublineatus, Euryoryzomys russatus and Thaptomys nigrita). Our results suggest that differences in diet, coupled with differences in habit and microhabitat preferences, are important factors allowing resource partition among species of the diverse group of co-occurring terrestrial small mammals in Atlantic forest areas. Moreover, arthropods were not preyed opportunistically by any of the four terrestrial rodents, since consumption was not proportional to availability. Rather, selection or rejection of arthropod groups seems to be determined by aspects other than availability, such as nutritional value, easiness of capture and handling or palatability. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/04959-1 - Respostas dos pequenos mamíferos de áreas maduras de Mata Atlântica a variações do habitat em micro-escala
Beneficiário:Laura Regina Capelari Naxara
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 04/14615-8 - Dieta e influência da disponibilidade de alimento na distribuição espacial de espécies de pequenos mamíferos em uma área de Mata Atlântica madura do Estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Bruno Trevizan Pinotti
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 99/05123-4 - Conservação da biodiversidade em paisagens fragmentadas no Planalto Atlântico de São Paulo (Brasil)
Beneficiário:Jean Paul Walter Metzger
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático