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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Dynamics of Dissolved Forms of Carbon and Inorganic Nitrogen in Small Watersheds of the Coastal Atlantic Forest in Southeast Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Andrade, Tatiana M. B. [1] ; Camargo, Plinio B. [1] ; Silva, Daniela M. L. [2] ; Piccolo, Marisa C. [1] ; Vieira, Simone A. [1] ; Alves, Luciana F. [3, 1, 4] ; Joly, Carlos A. [5] ; Martinelli, Luiz A.
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo USP, Lab Ecol Isotop, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, BR-13416100 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Santa Cruz UESC, Ilheus, BA - Brazil
[3] Inst Bot, Secao Ecol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Colorado, Inst Arct & Alpine Res INSTAAR, Boulder, CO 80309 - USA
[5] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: WATER AIR AND SOIL POLLUTION; v. 214, n. 1-4, p. 393-408, JAN 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 20
Resumo

Based on the fact that streamwater quality reflects landscape conditions, the objectives of this study were: to investigate nitrogen (N), carbon (C), and major ion concentrations in six streams crossing minimally disturbed Atlantic Forest areas, with similar geomorphological characteristics; to determine N and C fluxes in one of these pristine streams (Indaia); and assess the impact of human activity on the biogeochemistry of two other streams in the same region, crossing urbanized areas. The distribution pattern of carbon and inorganic nitrogen dissolved forms, as well as the major ion and biogenic gas concentrations in the streamwater, was similar in pristine streams, indicating that the C and N dynamics were determined by influence of some factors, such as climate, atmospheric deposition, geology, soil type, and land covering, which were analogous in the forested watersheds. The urban streams were significantly different from the pristine streams, showing low dissolved oxygen concentrations, high respiration rates, and high concentrations of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic nitrogen, dissolved inorganic carbon, and major ion. These differences were attributed to anthropogenic impact on water quality, especially domestic sewage discharge. Additionally, in the Indaia stream, it was possible to observe the importance of rainfall over temporal dynamics of dissolved carbon forms, and also, the obtained specific flux of dissolved inorganic nitrogen was relatively elevated (approximately 11 kg ha(-1) year(-1)). These results reveal the influence of human activity over the biogeochemistry of coastal streams and also indicate the importance N export of Atlantic Forest to the ocean. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 05/57812-0 - Estudo espaço-temporal da distribuição das formas dissolvidas de nitrogênio e carbono em microbacias da Mata Atlântica com diferentes graus de perturbação
Beneficiário:Tatiana Morgan Berteli de Andrade
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 03/12595-7 - Composição florística, estrutura e funcionamento da Floresta Ombrófila Densa dos Núcleos Picinguaba e Santa Virgínia do Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, estado de São Paulo, Brasil
Beneficiário:Carlos Alfredo Joly
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático