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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Is leaf water repellency related to vapor pressure deficit and crown exposure in tropical forests?

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Autor(es):
Rosado, Bruno Henrique Pimentel [1, 2] ; Oliveira, Rafael Silva [1] ; Marinho Aidar, Marcos Pereira
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Vegetal, IB, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Programa Posgrad Biol Vegetal, IB, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ACTA OECOLOGICA-INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY; v. 36, n. 6, p. 645-649, NOV-DEC 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 22
Resumo

Environmental conditions can have major influences in shaping biophysical properties of leaf surfaces. In moist environments, high leaf water repellency (LWR) is expected because the presence of a water film on leaf surfaces can block stomatal pores, reduce the diffusion of CO(2), promote pathogen incidence, colonization of epiphylls and leaching of leaf nutrients. However, LWR can also increase in dry environments as a consequence of higher epicuticular wax deposition induced by high temperatures, high radiation loads and vapor pressure deficits (VPD), which could also lead to a high leaf mass per area (LMA). The aim of this study was to determine how LWR varies among tropical trees with contrasting crown exposures and subjected to distinct vapor pressure deficits at different altitudes in the Atlantic Rain Forest. We hypothesized that (i) LWR will be higher in overstory species because they are more frequently exposed to higher radiation and higher vapor pressure deficit; (ii) In the Montane Forest, LWR will be higher for overstory species in comparison to those in Lowland Forest because radiation and VPD increase with altitude; (iii) Overstory species will also show higher LMA in response to exposure to drier conditions. We measured LWR by observing angles of droplets on adaxial and abaxial leaf surfaces in five species co-occurring at lowland and a montane forest. LWR was positively related to crown exposure and VPD at both sites but not to LMA. LWR was significantly higher in the Montane forest (mean angle 66.25 degrees) than in the Lowland forest (mean angle 61.33 degrees). We suggest that atmospheric conditions associated with contrasting crown exposures may exert important controls over leaf surface properties involved in the repellence or direct absorption of water. (C) 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/12595-7 - Composição florística, estrutura e funcionamento da Floresta Ombrófila Densa dos Núcleos Picinguaba e Santa Virgínia do Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, estado de São Paulo, Brasil
Beneficiário:Carlos Alfredo Joly
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático