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Chemostratigraphy of the Tamengo Formation (Corumba Group, Brazil) A contribution to the calibration of the Ediacaran carbon-isotope curve

Texto completo
Boggiani, Paulo C. [1] ; Gaucher, Claudio [2, 3] ; Sial, Alcides N. [4] ; Babinski, Marly [1] ; Simon, Cynthia M. [1] ; Riccomini, Claudio [1] ; Ferreira, Valderez P. [4] ; Fairchild, Thomas R. [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, BR-01498 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Fac Ciencias, Dept Geol, Montevideo 11400 - Uruguay
[3] Univ Copenhagen, Inst Geog & Geol, DK-1350 Copenhagen - Denmark
[4] Univ Fed Pernambuco, NEG, LABISE, Dept Geol, Recife, PE - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Precambrian Research; v. 182, n. 4, SI, p. 382-401, OCT 15 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 50

The Corumba Group cropping out in the southern Paraguay Belt in Brazil is one of the most complete Ediacaran sedimentary archives of palaeogeographic climatic biogeochemical and biotic evolution in southwestern Gondwana The unit hosts a rich fossil record including acritarchs vendotaenids (Vendo taenia Eoholynia) soft-bodied metazoans (Corumbella) and skeletal fossils (Cloudina Titanotheca) The Tamengo Formation made up mainly of limestones and marls provides a rich bio- and chemostratigraphic record Several outcrops formerly assigned to the Cuiaba Group are here included in the Tamengo Formation on the basis of lithological and chemostratigraphical criteria High-resolution carbon isotopic analyses are reported for the Tamengo Formation showing (from base to top) (1) a positive delta(13)C excursion to +4 parts per thousand PDB above post-glacial negative values (2) a negative excursion to -3 5 parts per thousand associated with a marked regression and subsequent transgression (3) a positive excursion to +5 5 parts per thousand and (4) a plateau characterized by delta(13)C around +3 parts per thousand A U-Pb SHRIMP zircon age of an ash bed Interbedded in the upper part of the delta(13)C positive plateau yielded 543 +/- 3 Ma which is considered as the depositional age (Babinski et al 2008a) The positive plateau in the upper Tamengo Formation and the preceding positive excursion are ubiquitous features in several successions worldwide including the Nama Group (Namibia) the Dengying Formation (South China) and the Nafun and Ara groups (Oman) This plateau is constrained between 542 and 551 Ma thus consistent with the age of the upper Tamengo Formation The negative excursion of the lower Tamengo Formation may be correlated to the Shuram-Wonoka negative anomaly although delta(13)C values do not fall beyond -3 5 parts per thousand in the Brazilian sections Sedimentary breccias occur just beneath this negative excursion in the lower Tamengo Formation One possible interpretation of the origin of these breccias is a glacioeustatic sea-level fall but a tectonic interpretation cannot be completely ruled out Published by Elsevier B V (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/01233-0 - Evolução geológica da porção meridional da Faixa Paraguai (Neoproterozóico III)
Beneficiário:Paulo César Boggiani
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular