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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of bleaching agents containing fluoride and calcium on human enamel

Autor(es):
Cavalli, Vanessa [1] ; Azevedo Rodrigues, Lidiany Karla [2] ; Paes-Leme, Adriana Franco [3] ; Brancalion, Marcel Luis [4] ; Zezzi Arruda, Marco Aurelio [4] ; Berger, Sandrine Bittencourt [5] ; Giannini, Marcelo [5]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Taubate, Dept Dent, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Ceara, Dept Restorat Dent, Fac Pharm Dent & Nursing, Fortaleza, Ceara - Brazil
[3] Butantan Inst, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Analyt Chem, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Restorat Dent, Piracicaba Sch Dent, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Quintessence International; v. 41, n. 8, p. E157-E165, SEP 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 21
Resumo

Objective: Since little is known about the effects of carbamide peroxide (CP) containing fluoride (F) or calcium (Ca), this study evaluated the effects of experimental and commercially available bleaching agents, with or without F and Ca, on enamel. Method and Materials: Sound enamel slabs were randomly divided into six groups (n = 10): placebo gel (PLA); Whiteness (WHI-10% CP; FGM); Opalescence F (OPA-10% CP+F; Ultradent); Pola Night F (PN-10% CP+F; SDI); and experimental gels: 10% CP+F (CPF) and 10% CP+Ca (CPCa). The samples were submitted to 6-hour gel applications daily for 14 days and stored in remineralizing solution after treatment. Enamel microhardness measurements were performed at baseline and after bleaching. In addition, the analytical concentrations of F and Ca and the pH of the water used to rinse the bleached surface were analyzed by means of ion-selective electrode, atomic absorption spectroscopy, and pH meter, respectively. Results: Enamel surface microhardness significantly decreased after bleaching with nonenhanced 10% CP (WHI). The chemical analyses suggest F uptake promoted by high-concentrate F bleaching gels (CPF, OPA, and PN) and a F loss with nonenhanced 10% CP bleaching gels (PLA, WHI). CP agent enhanced with Ca (CPCa) also caused Ca enamel uptake. Conclusion: Enamel was susceptible to mineral changes during bleaching treatment, but mineral loss was minimized by the addition of F and Ca to bleaching agents. (Quintessence Int 2010; 41: e157-e165) (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/07900-5 - Estudo dos efeitos de agentes clareadores com diferentes formulacoes na superficie do esmalte dental intacto ou afetado por carie incipiente.
Beneficiário:Vanessa Cavalli Gobbo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado