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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Leukotrienes Produced in Allergic Lung Inflammation Activate Alveolar Macrophages

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Silva, Reinaldo C. ; Landgraf, Maristella A. [1] ; Hiyane, Meire I. [1] ; Pacheco-Silva, Alvaro ; Camara, Niels O. [1] ; Landgraf, Richardt G. [2, 3]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Imunol, Lab Imunol Transplantes, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Disciplina Nefrol, Dept Nefrol, Lab Imunol Clin & Expt, BR-04023900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Biol, BR-04023900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY; v. 26, n. 3, p. 319-326, 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 8
Resumo

It has been well-documented that leukotrienes (LTs) are released in allergic lung inflammation and that they participate in the physiopathology of asthma. A role for LTs in innate immunity has recently emerged: Cys-LTs were shown to enhance Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis by alveolar macrophages (AMs). Thus, using a rat model of asthma, we evaluated Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis and killing of Klebsiella pneumoniae by AMs. The effect of treatment with a cys-LT antagonist (montelukast) on macrophage function was also investigated. Male Wistar rats were immunized twice with OVA/alumen intraperitoneally and challenged with OVA aerosol. After 24 h, the animals were killed, and the AMs were obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage. Macrophages were cultured with IgG-opsonized red blood cells (50: 1) or IgG-opsonized K. pneumoniae (30: 1), and phagocytosis or killing was evaluated. Leukotriene C(4) and nitric oxide were quantified by the EIA and Griess methods, respectively. The results showed that AMs from sensitized and challenged rats presented a markedly increased phagocytic capacity via Fc gamma R (10X compared to controls) and enhanced killing of K. pneumoniae (4X higher than controls). The increased phagocytosis was inhibited 15X and killing 3X by treatment of the rats with montelukast, as compared to the non-treated group. cys-LT addition increased phagocytosis in control AMs but had no effect on macrophages from allergic lungs. Montelukast reduced nitric oxide (39%) and LTC(4) (73%). These results suggest that LTs produced during allergic lung inflammation potentiate the capacity of AMs to phagocytose and kill K. pneumonia via Fc gamma R. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/07139-3 - Investigando o papel da heme-oxigenase 1 em diferentes processos inflamatórios renais em modelos animais
Beneficiário:Niels Olsen Saraiva Câmara
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/01404-0 - Estudos in vivo e in vitro da participação da leptina em diferentes modelos de inflamação pulmonar: mediadores inflamatórios e vias de sinalização envolvidas
Beneficiário:Richardt Gama Landgraf
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 09/52119-6 - Participação da leptina em modelos de inflamação pulmonar alérgica e induzida por LPS: estudos in vivo e in vitro
Beneficiário:Maristella de Almeida Vitta Landgraf
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado