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Mesenchymal Stem Cells Attenuate Renal Fibrosis Through Immune Modulation and Remodeling Properties in a Rat Remnant Kidney Model

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Autor(es):
Semedo, Patricia [1] ; Correa-Costa, Matheus [1] ; Cenedeze, Marcos Antonio [1] ; Avancini Costa Malheiros, Denise Maria [2] ; dos Reis, Marlene Antonia [3] ; Shimizu, Maria Heloisa [4] ; Seguro, Antonio Carlos [4] ; Pacheco-Silva, Alvaro [1, 5] ; Saraiva Camara, Niels Olsen [6, 1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Div Nephrol, Dept Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Pathol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Triangulo Mineiro Med Sch, Gen Pathol Div, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Nephrol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Albert Einstein Hosp, IIEP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Immunol, Inst Biomed Sci 4, Lab Transplantat Immunobiol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Stem Cells; v. 27, n. 12, p. 3063-3073, DEC 2009.
Citações Web of Science: 171
Resumo

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have regenerative properties in acute kidney injury, but their role in chronic kidney diseases is still unknown. More specifically, it is not known whether MSCs halt fibrosis. The purpose of this work was to investigate the role of MSCs in fibrogenesis using a model of chronic renal failure. MSCs were obtained from the tibias and femurs of male Wistar-EPM rats. Female Wistar rats were subjected to the remnant model, and 2 vertical bar x vertical bar 10(5) MSCs were intravenously administrated to each rat every other week for 8 weeks or only once and followed for 12 weeks. SRY gene expression was observed in female rats treated with male MSCs, and immune localization of CD73(+)CD90(+) cells at 8 weeks was also assessed. Serum and urine analyses showed an amelioration of functional parameters in MSC-treated animals at 8 weeks, but not at 12 weeks. Masson's trichrome and Sirius red staining demonstrated reduced levels of fibrosis in MSC-treated animals. These results were corroborated by reduced vimentin, type I collagen, transforming growth factor beta, fibroblast specific protein 1 (FSP-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1, and Smad3 mRNA expression and alpha smooth muscle actin and FSP-1 protein expression. Renal interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha mRNA expression levels were significantly decreased after MSC treatment, whereas IL-4 and IL-10 expression levels were increased. All serum cytokine expression levels were decreased in MSC-treated animals. Taken together, these results suggested that MSC therapy can indeed modulate the inflammatory response that follows the initial phase of a chronic renal injury. The immunosuppressive and remodeling properties of MSCs may be involved in the decreased fibrosis in the kidney. STEM CELLS 2009;27:3063-3073 (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/07139-3 - Investigando o papel da heme-oxigenase 1 em diferentes processos inflamatórios renais em modelos animais
Beneficiário:Niels Olsen Saraiva Câmara
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 04/08226-9 - Tolerância imunológica em transplante renal: papel das células reguladoras
Beneficiário:Niels Olsen Saraiva Câmara
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular