Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Seed dispersal and predation in the endemic Atlantic rainforest palm Astrocaryum aculeatissimum across a gradient of seed disperser abundance

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Donatti, Camila I. [1] ; Guimaraes, Jr., Paulo R. [2] ; Galetti, Mauro [3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Stanford Univ, Dept Biol, Stanford, CA 94305 - USA
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, BR-05422970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Ecol, Lab Biol Conservacao, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH; v. 24, n. 6, p. 1187-1195, NOV 2009.
Citações Web of Science: 32
Resumo

Tropical forests have been subject to intense hunting of medium and large frugivores that are important in dispersing large-seeded species. It has been hypothesized that in areas with extinction or low abundance of medium and large-bodied animals the density of small rodents may increase. Therefore, this increment in the density of small rodents may compensate for the absence or low abundance of medium and large frugivores on seed removal and seed dispersal. Here, we fill up this gap in the literature by determining if seed removal, seed dispersal, and seed predation by small rodents (spiny rats, Trinomys inheringi and squirrels, Sciurus ingrami) are maintained in defaunated areas. We accessed seed removal, seed dispersal, seed predation, and seedling recruitment of an endemic Atlantic rainforest palm, Astrocaryum aculeatissimum, in a gradient of abundance of agoutis. We found that seed removal, scatter hoarding, and seed predation increase with the abundance of agoutis. In contrast, the proportion of dispersed but non-cached seeds decreased with the abundance of agoutis. We did not find any effect of the abundance of agoutis on seed dispersal distance, but we did find a positive trend on the density of seedlings. We concluded that small rodents do not compensate the low abundance of agoutis on seed removal, scatter hoarding, and seed predation of this palm tree. Moreover, areas in which agoutis are already extinct did not present any seed removal or scatter hoarding, not even by small rodents. This study emphasizes both the importance of agoutis in dispersing seeds of A. aculeatissimum and the collapse in seed dispersal of this palm in areas where agoutis are already extinct. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 01/10300-4 - Padrões de frugivoria e dispersão de sementes de palmeiras na Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Mauro Galetti Rodrigues
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 00/00011-2 - Ecologia da polinização de duas espécies de bromélias de Mata Atlântica no Estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Maria Bernadete Ferreira Canela
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado